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Etymology [of 腸]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): ‎(“sun”) + +    The rays of the sun.

[ From chineseetymology.org: ]
Primitive pictograph 昜. From sun日 (rays) on a sun dial (一勿). Meaning bright.

My research of the etymology of 腸 motivated this question. I know that means one, and that means 'not' or 'do not' (ie: negation).

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勿 as in "not" is originally a logograph of a signaling flag. It is not the same logograph as the rays depicted in 昜 (which is 日 rì over 𠃓 yáng).

It is not uncommon for Chinese characters to have merged similar logographs into one single abstract unit, in the latter case 旦 over 勿.

Take for example 易 (yì), which is unrelated to 昜, although its modern components are 日 and 勿. It is derived from the logograph of a chameleon.

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「一」and「勿」do not compound to sundial.


「昜」was originally a compound of「日」and「丂」.「丂」originally depicted a handle of an axe, now written as「柯」. The compound is supposed to depict the rising of the sun.



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As the handle was changed into the shape of「丂」, decorative marks were also added, leading on to the current shape.

春秋

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In contrast,「勿」comes from「刀」, with surrounding marks depicting drops of blood, and was the original character of「刎」(to cut someone's throat).



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References:

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http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/lexi-mf/extraPhoto/661c-1383730155_photo.jpg

The ideograph on the right is 昜. Have a look of the 漢語多功能字庫:

http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/Lexis/lexi-mf/search.php?word=昜

You may compare the changes from bronze script, bamboo/silk and others. In my opinion, the saying of "rays on a sun dial" is, well, beyond reasonable imagination :)

  • 1
    It would be better if you posted the important information from your link here – KWeiss Apr 27 '16 at 8:05

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