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I know 趁着 means "to take advantage of a situation".

But I just came along two examples using 就 in the same sense. Are there any differences between them?

老师可以学生的年龄再练习一下。

老师可以趁着学生的年龄再练习一下。

我们这个机会谈谈。

我们趁着这个机会谈谈。

Thanks!

  • where do you get those examples ? – user12683 Jun 22 '16 at 15:52
  • 就 unlike 趁着 of course has many other meanings, so that the latter seems less ambiguous and more emphatic, cf. 趁着 jukuu:prep. while under the cover of, derived from 趁 "汉语水平词典":利用时间或机会(take advantage of;avail o.s. of;while):~ 便|~ 机|~ 早|~ 火打劫|~ 老师还没走,有问题赶快问。 就:"汉语水平词典"[义7]趁着;借。。。的方便(take advantage of;in accordance with;suit;by the way):~ 便|按部~班|将错~错|将计~计|因陋~简|孩子们都~近上小学|路过邮局~手儿把信寄了。 – user6065 Jun 22 '16 at 16:46
  • it seems when part of a longer sentence the sentence can start with 趁(着)but not with 就 when used in the above meaning, although e.g. 就便 could be a whole sentence, if used attributively as in 就便渡河器材 it could also be at the start – user6065 Jun 22 '16 at 21:15
  • 趁着 and 就 in the expressions above do not have the same meaning. 就 doesn't mean take advantage of. Besides, 趁机 is the more common form. – user4452 Jun 22 '16 at 21:34
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    @JohnJoe The first one from a teaching material for kids and the second one from Pleco. The 趁着 ones were to make the comparison. – Enrico Brasil Jun 24 '16 at 15:57
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For the word 趁着:

It should be viewed in a whole structure, as in

趁着A, B。--> "While doing A/being in the situation of A, takes the opportunity to do B."

In addition, "趁着" will convey a meaning of being selfish (I am only caring about my advantage, yours is nothing, moods like this), which is definitely nothing good. So, in the example:

老师可以趁着学生是(这个)年龄再练习一下。 Will be barely OK, but then some may have negative feelings towards 老师.

For the word 就:

就A, B。 --> "According to the situation of A, do B."

In addition, "就A, B。" gives a mood of caring about others, or intending to say that "I am doing this for the sake of people who are affected by the situation A".

Of course, 就 could have many other meanings, but since I only want to focus on the difference between 趁着 and 就, I won't discuss here.

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  • What does it mean by 老师可以趁着学生的年龄再练习一下? I don't think it's ok. – velut luna Aug 1 '16 at 17:02
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You know the correct meaning of 趁着 is "to take advantage of a situation", and maybe you also can translate it as "a situation gives you a chance to do something or to do something better".

For example:

我们可以趁着妈妈没有回来再玩一会儿。

The situation "mom is not at home" can be taken advantage of, so "it is good time for playing", we will have no more chance to play games after she comes back.

But "就" sometimes has different meaning. In your second sentence, it has same meaning as "趁着", but not in the first one.

"就" in the first sentence is probably better translated as "according to". It might have also different translations based on the whole context.

In my opinion "就" is better to be translated as "for (aimed to)" or "about".

Example:

You should make a speech for/about this situation

你可以就这个问题发表演讲(你可以针对这个问题发表演讲)

The sentence "老师可以趁着学生的年龄再练习一下。" is obviously wrong, you can not use "趁着" here.

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First thing first, these two sentences have different meaning, and the latter is wrong. 老师可以就学生的年龄再练习一下。/老师可以趁着学生的年龄再练习一下。

You can't use 趁着 to objects such as students, stone, sexy girl. You can only use 趁着 to actions such as student practicing, stone thrown to you, sexy girl starving at you.

例如: 老师趁着学生在练习,去泡牛肉面吃。(correct) 老师趁着学生,去泡牛肉面吃。(incorrect, no meaning at all)

就 is a very versatile word that has many meanings. it can be used after objects and/or actions, and will have different meanings.

For example 就你。there are 2 totally different meanings to this simple sentence. 1, I will do anything to suit your need; (比例: 妹说:哥哥,我要。 哥说:好的,就你。) 2, in a negative way, questioning your ability. (比例: 哥说:我是最好学生。妹说:就你?)

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  • nobody claimed that 趁(着),就 is equivalent to "take advantage of", thus the claim that "You can't use 趁着 to objects such as students, stone, sexy girl" would seem completely gratuitous – user6065 Jun 22 '16 at 23:48
  • 就你 this example of yours makes me think that 就 is used to mark a situation of "becoming a subject of your desires, I do as U will". It makes sence in 90% of all 就 uses I've heard. But how the hell "tall building" as etymlogy suggest became "to become a subject" – coobit Jul 5 '16 at 18:21
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While all of the answers above are sophisticated and rigorous. I will explain the usage of these two words in terms of their possible complementary usages in English.

就 can be used the same way as "with regards to/ regarding" For example, 就这个问题,我们再来谈谈 can be understood as "Regarding to this problem, let's talk about it again"

趁着 can be used the same way as "while" Borrowing the example from above, 老师趁着学生在练习,去泡牛肉面吃, can be understood as "While the students are studying/practicing, the teacher went to eat a bowl of beef noodle" (泡 means to soak in warm water, I didn't put that in the translation since it doesn't make sense in English to soak noodle.)

Hope that helps :)

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