On a certain website, the translation for fruit is 水果, but later on it tells me that it is also 果. What is the distinction?

  • 1
    果 is a fruit in a tree. In an abstract sense, it may also mean the fruit of labor, that is result: 结果, while 水果 is fruit in the concrete case.
    – user4452
    Commented Jul 24, 2016 at 19:53
  • it seems 果 can be considered a bound morpheme, cf. e.g. 汉语水平考试词典:果(名词性)[义 1]果实(fruit)~脯|~酱|红~|鲜~|~汁|白~|干~|腰~(cashew nuts)|野~|这个地区生产各种水果|这树已经开花结~了。[义2]事情发展的最后情况;结局(跟"因"相对)(result;consequence):恶~|苦~|战~|正~|硕~累累|自食其~|这里边一定有因~关系|搞清楚这件案子的前因~后。
    – user6065
    Commented Jul 24, 2016 at 20:37
  • Kiddy speak in some languages will even say 果果 or 果果儿
    – Mou某
    Commented Jul 25, 2016 at 1:19

4 Answers 4


果 is the abstraction of all kinds of "production of flower". It could be fruit, or nut.

水果 means "juicy fruit" literally, but it could be any "production of flowers" which tastes delicious, e.g banana. But usually, people don't call nuts 水果, but 坚果 instead.


果 means fruit or result.

When the meaning is fruit, it equals to 水果. When the meaning is result, it equals to 結果.

Both 水果 and 結果 can be abbreviated to 果. You had better look at the context.

  • some users doubt that 水果 and 结果 can generally always be abbreviated to 果, consider some examples in jukuu 水果, : 1.苹果和甜瓜是我喜爱的水果 2. 查尔斯除了水果什么也不吃.3.苹果和桔子是常见的水果。结果:1.如果说结果...2.用户研究中的调查结果...3....以及与预期结果之间的关系 suggesting that 果 may be considered a bound morpheme
    – user6065
    Commented Jul 25, 2016 at 16:19

To get a better understanding of the comparison, I suggest you read more about the so-called single-syllable word or double-syllable words in the Chinese language.


I'm chinese “果”的多种含义 a.结出果实(水果:苹果,牛油果,香蕉,菠萝); b.事情的结局或成效(后果,结果) c.果断(意思是很干脆)

  • 1
    Better to answer in English, especially when question is posted in English.
    – user4072
    Commented Jul 29, 2016 at 11:39
  • Please revamp your answer to include English translation.
    – user3871
    Commented Aug 9, 2016 at 15:04
  • The OP is asking for the difference between 水果 and 果.
    – wpt
    Commented Aug 9, 2016 at 15:35
  • A variety of meaning of the "fruit" a. bear fruit (fruit: apple, avocados, bananas, pineapple);B. what outcome or results (consequences, results) c. decisive (means simply)
    – GuoTio
    Commented Dec 2, 2016 at 5:37

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