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Are 太... 了 (tài... le) and 很(hěn) grammatically equivalent?

My feeling is that semantically 太... 了 (tài... le) is somehow "stronger" then 很(hěn), that is: 太... 了 (tài... le) seems "exceptionally, extremely", while 很(hěn) is just "very". Is it correct?

Summing up both questions with an example:

  1. may I say (apart of changes in meaning):

    • 我的狗很大 Wǒ de ɡǒu hěn dà
    • 我的狗太大了 Wǒ de ɡǒu tài dà le

?

  1. Is the meaning of the second sentence is somehow "stronger" ?
    • 我的狗很大 Wǒ de ɡǒu hěn dà -> my dog is very big)
    • 我的狗太大了 Wǒ de ɡǒu tài dà le -> my dog is so big! / my dog is too big!
  • 2
    If you have looked up 很 and 太 in dictionary, you wouldn't have to ask this question. – Tang Ho Nov 4 '16 at 12:16
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    太 is often recommended to use instead of 很 in the case of negative adjectives (or verbs) 很好,太坏;很高,太矮,verbs: 很喜欢,太麻烦 – user6065 Nov 6 '16 at 10:44
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很 sometime may interchange with 太 . however, 很 mostly carry out and descriptive meaning. While 太 are mean to show something exaggerate

if you use 太.... 了, it will add extra expressive complaining tones.
For example :

# 很 versus 太
my dog is [very big](for the breed) 我的狗[个子*很*大] 
my dog is too big(for the house) 我的狗[个子*太*大]

# 太....  了
my dog is [just too big!] 我的狗[个子太大了!] or 我的狗[太大只了!] 

The word , carry a few meaning : larger OR greater OR older

When describe with living subject, you must put additional care , i.e. put an extra description. Thus :

高大  : tall
肥大  : Fat and tall
强大  :strong and powerful (more appropriate to use 强壮 for masculine) 
年纪大 :old

我的狗很大, 我的狗太大了 is a confusing term. Is it older? taller? Stronger?

我的狗很高大 -> my dog is tall
我的狗长大了 -> my dog grow up (,at last)
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Instead of interpreting 我的狗太大了 as "stronger" than 我的狗很大, the former one has more of a negative tone in it. If I exaggerate the first phrase a little bit more, it will be my dog is way too big. It has nuances of a complaint as compared to the mere description of 我的狗很大

1

From my own point of view, 太...了 does convey a stronger feeling towards the thing you are describing than 很. You can consider 太 as meaning "very much" or "a lot", whereas 很 means "really".

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In my understanding, 很(hěn) means "very" while 太... 了 (tài... le) means "over(ly)". So, the second is more stronger (over the limit).

1

"太" is roughly translated as "too", while "很" is "very". In terms of the emotional senses, "太" has some stronger personal feelings in it, while "很" is normally objective and neutral

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