I have come across the following sentence: 波兰是欧洲最漂亮的国家。I reckon it means "Poland is the most beautiful country in Europe".

Is this how sentences of such type are normally made? Is 的 here "of" or part of 最...的? Note that I am absolute beginner level student.

  • Wait, what? How is 的 part of 漂亮? – MrVocabulary Nov 17 '16 at 12:09
  • It may be useful for you to know that "one of the most"-type expressions are often created by tacking on 之一 at the end. As in 波兰是欧洲最漂亮的国家之一。“Poland is one of the most beautiful countries in Europe." – Brian Tung Nov 30 '16 at 23:18

Now let's begin with the syntax analyzes:

波兰(Subject) 是(Prediate) 欧洲最漂亮的(Adjective) 国家 (Object).

The whole statement is structured by:

S+P+Object. But there comes a short pharse to modify the Object:欧洲最漂亮的.

最:means "most" in English, used as an adverb to modify the adjective 漂亮 (beautiful).

And let's come to "……的", it REALLY has many usages, according to your descriptions, "最...的" is a fixed phrase, yes, that's right.

Besides, a verb/adjective + 的 = someone who is doing the job/relying on sth.


 卖鱼(selling fishes) <=> 卖鱼的 (fish-selling men).

 卖花(selling flowers) <=> 卖花的 (flower-selling men).

And what's more——For MOST CASES, We add "的" at the back of an adjective to modify a noun:

漂亮 is an adjective, but we don't say:他是一个漂亮人 but 他是一个漂亮

Another example: 这是一个木头船。

Sometimes "的" means "A belonging to B,part of B":

我的苹果(My apple), this apple belongs to me.

牛的眼睛(An Ox's eye), this eye belongs to the ox.

| improve this answer | |
  • What a wonderful explanation! Thanks, I have learned a lot from it :-) – MrVocabulary Nov 18 '16 at 18:13

If a characteristic following a noun is a 2 (or more) character adjective or a multi-character phrase, it should have 的.


| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.