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I'd like to know what relationship ties those terms. According to wikipedia,

"There is however no mandated connection between the encoding system and the font used to display the characters; font and encoding are usually tied together for practical reasons".

Yet, I do not fully grasp what that means.

Is there a systematic comparison between the different strokes that the main typefaces apply to chinese characters?

Is the regular script sans-serif? what typeface does wikimedia use for regular script?

enter image description here

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There is however no mandated connection between the encoding system
and the font used to display the characters

considering the situation: an utf-8 encoded plain text file (*.txt), how do it display on the computer, is depend on the user, not the author.

in stkaiti:enter image description here

in hanzipen tc:enter image description here

in songti tc:enter image description here

the same content can be displayed by different fonts, to give different impression.

font and encoding are usually tied together for practical reasons

in pre-unicode era, as i remember, on mac os, all big-5 encoded text is defaulted to display initially by the system font "taibei"; while shift jis encoded text would use the font "osaka". in modern days (utf-8), mac / windows are smart enough to choose the font automatically, to display each code point.

for chinese character, the concepts "serif", "sans serif", "script" are, inapplicable.

for this question, i would suggest you read the book "CJKV Information Processing", published by o'really; which is informative & authoritative:

http://shop.oreilly.com/product/9780596514471.do

they provided the 1st chapter in pdf:

ftp://ftp.oreilly.com/examples/nutshell/cjkv/pdf/CJKVInfoProc.Chap1.pdf

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