Outlier's entry for 我 says:

我 depicts a saw-toothed weapon with a long handle. The modern meaning "I, me" is unrelated to the form.

My best guess is: - modern pronunciation is e2 - but the logic of 亻[person] meaning + [weapon] pronunciation 我 - fits the origin of a lot Chinese characters.

  • from chineseetymology.org/… The character for "I" was originally a rake 耙,borrowed for its pronunciation. – Tang Ho Feb 9 '17 at 16:24
  • I think might then be 人! The modern sound 我 and Ancient Greek have phonetic and in pinyin written similarities: philo, love,like: φιλῶ (uncontracted = φιλέ-ω) ω like o in bone. The verb ending indicates the person, here I. – Pedroski Feb 10 '17 at 0:18
  • I'm not sure I would consider that Web site authoritative. – Brian Tung Feb 10 '17 at 21:34
  • What are the downvotes for? – Mou某 Feb 14 '17 at 12:35

Axel Schuessler, in his ABC Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese, writes:

我 (ŋâ[B]) LH ŋai[B], OCM *ŋâiʔ

Independent pronoun 'I, we' [OB, BI, Shi], in classical texts 'I (stressed), we'....Originally, the graph for seems to have been created to write the name of a Shang period people/country, 'sheep' 羊 was later added 義 (prob. signifying pastoralists) in order to distinguish the name from the pronoun.

He cites Sagart TP 81, 4–5, 1995: 328–342. (Probably this article, though I'm not sure.) This doesn't mean the graph doesn't originally depict a rake (as proposed by Richard Sears of chineseetymology.org) or a saw-toothed weapon with a long handle (as proposed by Ash Henson and co. at the Outlier Dictionary), but it does suggest that in any case, by the time it was 假借 borrowed for the pronoun, it was apparently already used figuratively to refer to a country or its people.

Schuessler goes on to say that Mandarin is a colloquial archaism; some northern dialects have the expected ě, while some southern dialects have preserved the Old Chinese rhyme shown above.

Key: LH = Later Han, OCM = Old Chinese Minimal, OB = Shang dynasty oracle bone inscriptions, BI = bronze inscriptions, Shi = 詩經 Shījīng (therefore, appears no later than 600 BC), TP = 通報 T'oung Pao (a Wade-Giles-ish rendering), a journal on traditional Chinese culture founded in 1890. The pronunciation in parentheses is the Middle Chinese reconstruction; the [B] is actually a superscript and represents 上聲 shǎngshēng, the second of the four Middle Chinese tones, from which evolved the modern Mandarin third tone.

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