8

然而当和尚走上石阶,禅房内却传来一声苍老的叹息:“长捷,虽为杀人事, 亦是菩提心,但若存了杀人念,你便落了下乘。

“落了下乘”是什么意思呢?我已经百度一下,但是还没明白。词典也无用了。 我知道“落了”有fall, drop的意思,然后“下乘“有”小乘佛教“的意思。但是”落了下乘“的意思不明白。 请你解说我一下。

10

乘,梵语 Yāna,旧译为“衍”。有一乘、二乘、三乘、四乘、五乘之别。

以五乘来论,五乘也有多种说法;其中较常见的是指:人乘、天乘、声闻乘、缘觉乘、菩萨乘。这是由下品到上品的顺序。

文中先提到“虽为杀人事, 亦是菩提心”。

“菩提心”是度众生之心、成佛之心,属“菩萨乘”,也就是最上品之心。

“杀人念”是“人乘”的念头,是五乘中最下品之心。

因为有了杀人的想法,就由最上品的“菩萨乘”降成最下品的“人乘”,所以才会说“落了下乘”,堕落成为下乘。


乘 [shèng | ㄕㄥˋ] (Sanskrit यानम Yāna) the old transliteration is 衍那, simplified as 衍. It means (noun) a vehicle or (verb) to carry.

There are five kinds of 乘: 一乘, 二乘, 三乘, 四乘 and 五乘. It is better to answer the question in terms of 五乘.

五乘 also has a few kinds. The more common one is: human beings, gods, श्रावक śrāvaka (hearers), प्रत्येकबुद्ध pratyekabuddha (beings who enlightened through reasoning on the riddle of life), and बोधिसत्त्व bodhisattva (conscious beings of or for the great intelligence). This is the order from the lower level to the higher one.

He first mentioned, "Although it is a killing, is still a bodhichitta."

"Bodhicitta" is the mind of helping the sentient beings and of becoming a Buddha. It is the highest level.

"Killing" is the idea of human beings. It is the lowest level.

Because of the idea of killing, the mind falls from the highest to the lowest level. Therefore, he said 落了下乘 (to fall to a lower level).

2

http://www.zdic.net/z/15/xs/4E58.htm

(2) 佛教的教义 [yana]。如:大乘,小乘

大乘佛教, 小乘佛教 are two different doctrines within Buddhism. Can't say which is superior.

the terms 上乘 and 下乘 borrowed the Buddhism term 乘 to refer to 'superior level' or 'inferior level'

  • 上乘 [Great Vehicle]∶佛教用语,即大乘,一般借指高妙的境界或上品
  • 下乘 [Inferior Vehicle]: 借指平庸的境界或下品

“落了下乘” means "fall into the mediocre level"

From the text in question, “落了下乘” refers to mediocre understanding of Buddhism. But this phrase can be borrowed to describe 'being mediocre' in other fields.

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