0

Is there a comprehensive list of 语气词 or 语气助词? Or a place I can research more about them?

Had an idea to do my dissertation on them but having trouble finding a list of them.

3
  • I guess a list is not enough to buttress your paper. Luckily, several tomes are on this subject, like 现代汉语语气词 and 现代汉语虚词例释. If you have no access to these printed books, I highly recommend 现代汉语八百词 which is available in Amazon Kindle shop Note that 现代汉语八百词 does not have an index of 语气词. It has two indexes, one by pinyin and one by brush strokes. In the brush stroke index, each word is respectively categorized into [连] [副] [名] [助] etc. Each 语气助词 has a [助] attached, like 了[助], 呢[助]. Jun 14 '17 at 3:17
  • search web with "语气助词": baike.baidu.com/item/%E8%AF%AD%E6%B0%94%E5%8A%A9%E8%AF%8D ,borrow from your public or school library: "实用现代汉语语法"(2001年 北京)第410-第432页,第三节 语气助词,
    – user6065
    Jun 14 '17 at 3:21
  • @user6065 thank you a lot this have been very helpful
    – zefur
    Jun 14 '17 at 7:30
1

Modern Chinese / Mandarin:

  • 啊 a
  • 噢 ao
  • 哎 ai
  • 唉 ai
  • 吧 ba
  • 呗 bei
  • 哦 o
  • 喔 o
  • 哈 ha
  • 嚯 huo
  • 啦 la
  • 嘞 lei
  • 哩 li
  • 啰 luo
  • 咯 lo
  • 喽 lou
  • 咧 lie
  • 吗 ma
  • 嘛 ma
  • 哪 na
  • 呐 na
  • 哇 wa
  • 呦 you
  • 哟 yo
  • 唷 yo
  • 吁 yu

Classic Chinese:

  • 呔 dai
  • 呵 he
  • 乎 hu
  • 兮 xi
  • 矣 yi
  • 也 ye (means: too, also, in modern Chinese)
  • 哉 zai
4
  • I'm new to this site so can't upvote yet but thank you for this
    – zefur
    Jun 14 '17 at 7:30
  • It doesn't matter
    – xenophōn
    Jun 14 '17 at 11:41
  • Is 呀 not counted here?
    – Blaszard
    Jul 21 '17 at 13:55
  • @Blaszard This is not a full list, I just collect the common used ones, actually I forgot 呀.
    – xenophōn
    Jul 24 '17 at 2:33

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.