The president of China, 习近平, is in 香港。 At the military parade, 阅兵时, he said, as he passed the troops, "同志们好“, then '辛苦了‘。

’辛苦了‘ 的意思是什么? Perhaps: Thank you for your hard work。

  • yeah you're mostly correct, it's like "it's been hard times for you guys" and in this case, from the hard workings.
    – Alex
    Jun 30, 2017 at 14:07
  • 辛苦了 standard phrase recognizing others' hard work, see jukuu for 100 samples
    – user6065
    Jun 30, 2017 at 15:42

2 Answers 2


"辛苦" as an adjective means "exhausting"

But '了' is a particle that follows a verb to indicate completion of the action

And "辛苦" as a verb means "work hard"

Therefore, "你們辛苦了" as a greeting should mean: "you had worked hard/ you have been working hard"

  • ‘should mean'?? You are not sure?
    – Pedroski
    Jun 30, 2017 at 22:26
  • May be native English speakers would phrase it differently.
    – Tang Ho
    Jul 1, 2017 at 4:25

As a native Chinese speaker, I've been watching TV for several years.

When soldiers say "首长好。" (Greetings, our leader!) and Xi responds "同志们辛苦了。", I think it's better to be translated as

Good job you've done. / You've been doing well.

That sounds strange but reasonable to me. First "辛苦" should not be translated into "exhaust", which means more "wear out" than "hard work". When Xi says "辛苦了", he means "(你们为人民服务)辛苦了", so the whole sentence should be "You've been working hard and it's good for you".

  • There was a big, very long pause pause between 同志们好 and 辛苦了。 我在中央电视台看到。 This was not spoken as a sentence.
    – Pedroski
    Jul 2, 2017 at 0:42
  • 那是仪式性要求,停顿对分析这个句子没有影响。It's harmonic requirements (not to speak too fast) and has no influence on our studying the sentence.
    – iBug
    Jul 2, 2017 at 1:07

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