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一个人去很危险,带上这个吧。

Yīgè rén qù hěn wéixiǎn, dài shàng zhège ba.

It's dangerous to go alone — take this.

Is this translation correct? I don't understand the usage of a result complement in this situation.

Would the sentence make sense if one were to omit 上 ? By extension, is 上 necessary?

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Result complement https://resources.allsetlearning.com/chinese/grammar/Result_complement

There are endless examples of these 'attempt' or 'procedure' verbs in Chinese which don't include an outcome. The majority of Chinese verbs are like this, in fact. Some examples:

看 means 'to look' but doesn't include the result 'to see'.

听 means 'to listen' but doesn't include 'to hear'.

写 is similar to the English verb 'to write', in that it doesn't specify what the result of writing was (e.g. whether it was correct or not).

记 describes an attempt to remember, without specifying if the information was forgotten or successfully remembered.

杀 means something like 'to try and kill', whatever the result is.

All of these verbs need a result complement to describe a complete action with its result.

For the same reason:

  • 带 means 'to carry/ to bring' but doesn't include which direction. Like the examples above. the verb 带 (carry/ bring) needs a result complement to describe a complete action with its result.

For example:

带回 = bring back

带走 = carry away

上 in 带上 implies 附上/ 加上 (along with / additionally)

  • = carry/ bring along

一个人去很危险,带这个吧。

(because)it is dangerous to go alone, (therefore) carry this.

一个人去很危险,带[]这个吧。

(because)it is dangerous to go alone, (therefore) carry this [along]

A clearer Example:

这条路线很危险, 不带几个保镖不行 (this route is dangerous, You must bring a few bodyguards along with you)

if you just wrote '带几个保镖' 带 could mean 'guide', 'lead', or 'carry'

  • 带着 means 'carrying'

一个人去很危险,带[]这个吧 (because)it is dangerous to go alone, (therefore) carrying this (with you).

  • All these grammar rules have started to make something basic slip my mind..could you give me an example using 带回 or 带走 because I am not sure how the sentence structure works..I am pretty sure the object goes in between dai and the result complement..but I am not sure..it has been a long day. THANKS AGAIN for the explanation. :) – Abe Shudug Jul 5 '17 at 5:36
  • 1. 他从中国[带回了]大量的现金 - He [brought back] huge amount of cash from China. 2. 他从中国[带走了]大量的现金 - He [carried away] huge amount of cash from China. 3. 他[带了]大量的现金[回]中国. 4. 他[带了]大量的现金[去]中国. – Tang Ho Jul 5 '17 at 7:21
  • 1. 这条路线很危险,你得带几个保镖。- [Since you already stated a reason '这条路线很危险' - 带(上) bring (along) is implied in these sentences, if '带' means 'lead' or 'guide', it would make no sense] 2. 这条路线很危险,你必须带几个保镖。[bring (along) is also implied here] 3. 这条路线很危险,你有必要有保‌​镖陪伴你 [ 'you must have a few bodyguards accompany you' ] and [ 'you must bring along a few bodyguards with you' ] express the similar sentiment. Just phrased differently – Tang Ho Jul 5 '17 at 7:29
  • Could I also say...这条路线很危险,你得带几个保镖。 OR  这条路线很危险,你有必要有保镖陪伴你。 ?? OR 这条路线很危险,你必须(需要)带几个保镖。 In the last sentence, I am not sure which is better..because I have the impression that 需要 is more of a personal need and also can be used before a noun (which is irrelevant in this case as it is before a verb..) but, it also means something definitely required. That said, 必须 usually is a modal verb or auxillary verb, but 须 also refers to something mandatory due to logic or culture..which I feel both could be applicable in this case (depending on context, i.e. SIlk Road) 对不对? – Abe Shudug Jul 5 '17 at 17:41
  • Okay..you pretty much answered my question..but I didn't phrase it properly because my edits did not work. I appreciate again your help..sorry to rephrase, but, for the sake of clarity of everyone I think it is good on this site..maybe it also changed from my original question..sry it did not post earlier :( THANK YOU AGAIN..so is both 1 and 3 and 2 and 4 correct? Do you have a preference of using either in your first comment? With the result complement structure? They both mean exactly the same thing?? – Abe Shudug Jul 5 '17 at 17:44

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