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I often pick up relatively esoteric animal names, and I got looking at mammoths one day... I found two words for mammoth: 猛犸 and 毛象. What is the difference between these two words?

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They are the same, just translated in different ways.

  1. 猛犸 is a transliteration. means robust dog. 《说文解字》: 猛,健犬也。 seems a more modern character, only used here.
  2. 长毛象 is more common than 毛象. The literal translation is "elephant with long hair".

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