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I wonder there is any difference between two words to express this, 这个 and . What difference, if any, is there?

  • (is this question not settled by dictionaries and grammars?) 这 is a demonstrative pronoun (指示代词)of modern Chinese which requires a measure word like 个 (although often used w/o one),and 这个 can be used w/o a following noun to mean "this one" 此 is a pronoun belonging to ancient and bookish style modern C, thus is used w/o measure words (classifiers), can be used w/o following noun to mean "now; here": 从此以后 from now on; henceforward 由此往南 go south from here, also search site for previous Q and A involving 此 – user6065 Jul 24 '17 at 18:58
  • in particular see chinese.stackexchange.com/questions/21572/… – user6065 Jul 24 '17 at 19:52
  • The word 此 in ancient Chinese idioms could not be replaced with 这个, like in 此话怎讲, 此情此景, these are chronic collocation. – 賈可 Jacky Jul 25 '17 at 12:41
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  • 这 is more colloquial, usually followed by a classifier

  • 此 is more literary, it does not need classifier, and more often followed by a single character word

See Examples:

此人= 這個人

此事= 這件事

此地= 這個地方

此物= 這件東西

此時= 這個時候

此刻= 這個時刻

此心= 這顆心

此案= 這宗案

The classifier after 這 can often be omitted. For example: 這個地方--> 這地方; 這件東西-->這東西.

Since classifiers work with counting words, we can write 這一個地方; 這三件東西.

But we don't usually use counting word with 此

'此一地方' , '此三東西. just sound unnatural.

  • Thanks. Then how about 该? I learned it is more formal, but is it used in both colloquial and literary situations? – Blaszard Jul 26 '17 at 11:02
  • 该= that( more literary ) ; 那= that (more colloquial, usually followed by a classifier ) – Tang Ho Jul 26 '17 at 12:40

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