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Can someone please help me clarifying all the possible ways to say "try" in Chinese. As in "try sth" or "try to do sth". I can come up with many translations but it's very hard for me to use them in context.

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A simple form of try is 试一试: ‘试一试某事’ = 'give something a whirl/shot'
I often hear:
我不会! I can't do it!
试一试! Try!

You can often replace 试一试 with 尝试。

You can also use 试: 我可以试一下这双鞋吗?

try hard (to do sth.) is 努力: 如果你努力就能够做到。

also 尽力: try your hardest (to do sth.): 我们会尽力完成。

  • 试试 or 试一试 is reduplication of the verb 试. chinese.stackexchange.com/questions/26236/… 试试 means try slightly; 试一试 means try once/ try slightly. – Tang Ho Sep 1 '17 at 23:32
  • In ’试一试 ‘ ’一试‘ cannot be a verb. How could you count a verb? What would that mean? – Pedroski Sep 2 '17 at 10:18
  • In 试一试, the first 试 is a verb. 一 is the counting word and the second 试 is a 'verb classifier' - for counting how many 'try' you have tried. Let me give you another example., 看一看= look one look. (take one look/ look briefly) – Tang Ho Sep 2 '17 at 10:40
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https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/try

try:

1.to make an attempt at —often used with an infinitive- try to fix the car

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https://translate.google.ca/#en/zh-TW/try

嘗試 - try, attempt

企圖 - try, attempt

試圖 - try, attempt

  • 嘗試 emphasizes on "the action of trying"

  • 企圖 emphasizes on "intention of trying"

  • 試圖 emphasizes on "the uncertain nature of trying"

"他嘗試修理這輛汽車" (he try to repair this car) emphasizes on his action of trying to fix it.

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"他企圖修理這輛汽車" (he try to repair this car) emphasizes on his intention of trying to fix it.

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"他試圖修理這輛汽車" (he try to repair this car) emphasizes on his uncertain attempt to fix it.

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試著 is the colloquial counterpart of 嘗試

"他試著修理這輛汽車"

More examples:

嘗試種花 (try to grow flower) - let me see how you do it.

企圖謀殺 (try to murder)- it is your intention, isn't it?

試圖打敗職業拳擊手 (try to defeat a pro boxer)- are you sure?

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