A dict.cn example sentence for 热烈 is:


tā yīn shòudào rèliè huānyíng ér gāoxìng

He was pleased by the warmth of his welcome.

The translation is mostly straightforward:

But I don't understand what these two are doing in the sentence:

  • (yīn) = reason (part of 因为 = because)
  • (ér) = and

Question: What are 因 and 而 doing in the sentence 他因受到热烈欢迎而高兴?

I would probably phrase it like 他很高兴因为他受到热烈的欢迎.

  • 1
    It is like 因为。。。所以
    – Philipp
    Commented Sep 10, 2017 at 14:52
  • I echo with Philipp. In English, it's a wrong expression "Because.... so....". But "因为...所以...." a correct in Chinese. "Because I love you, so I marry you" is a wrong expression in English, while "因为我爱你,所以我和你结婚。" is correct in Chinese.
    – dan
    Commented Sep 10, 2017 at 23:21
  • @dan Try "because... therefore..." in English. It's a bit old-fashioned, but it works the same way
    – Philipp
    Commented Sep 11, 2017 at 6:25
  • @Philipp: In fact, I prefer the word 'as' or 'for' to 'because'. 'because' seems a bit strong.
    – dan
    Commented Sep 11, 2017 at 13:32

4 Answers 4


[因 A 而 B] = [because of A, therefore B]

[因 A (受到热烈欢迎) 而 B (高兴)]

[Because of A (受到热烈欢迎), Therefore B (高兴)]


[B because of A] ; [B for A]

[B (高兴) because of A (受到热烈欢迎)]

[B (高兴) for A (受到热烈欢迎)]

When A is a reason; B is an action

When A is a cause; B is a result


Your interpretation "他很高兴因为他受到热烈的欢迎. " is correct.

As I posted in the comment above, the "because...so..." structure is wrong in English, so we have to use one word ("because", "as", "for" and etc.) to interpret here.

"因 A 而 B" could be translated to "B as(or for) the reason A".

Compare with "because" and "as", I opt for "as" because "as" usually expresses the more casual reasoning than "because".

The translation for the whole sentence might be:

He is happy as he is warmly welcomed.


"因 ... 而 ..." is just another way to say "because". They come together.


他很高兴因为他受到热烈的欢迎.this stress his is happy.

他因受到热烈欢迎而高兴 this stress the reason maked he happy.


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