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微笑是一种真实的、热诚的、发自内心的快乐的情绪。

Take away the descriptive elements and it says:

微笑是情绪。 (A) smile is (a) mood.

Maybe if they said: ‘一个微笑表示着一种真实的、热诚的、发自内心的快乐的情绪。’ Would that be acceptable??

A smile is an expression of a mood, but not a mood in itself. I have to think of these lines from a song: 'I smile when I'm angry, I cheat and I lie, I do what I have to do to get by.'

Am I missing some meaning here?

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You are correct, "微笑" (smile) is an "expression" (表情) not a "mood"(情绪)

"happy" (愉快/快乐) is a mood.

  • 一个微笑 (A smile)

  • 代表 (represents)

  • 一个愉快的心情 (a happy mood)

"微笑是一种真实的、热诚的、发自内心的快乐的情绪。"

should be

"微笑(代表着)一种真实、热诚、发自内心的快乐情绪。"

(you can omit most of the '的' to make it less wordy)

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To be honest, this is a bad sentence.

You could short to “微笑是个*****情绪". It doesn't make sense.

And what @TangHo added make the whole logic right.

Or we could break this sentence down into 2 sentence: "The emotion that make people smile" "And this emotional is .............." -Definition of this emotion

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  • 微笑[wēi xiào] smile:1. a sweet smile; 甜蜜的微笑 2. friendly service; smiling service; 微笑服务
  • 情绪[qíng xù] 1. (心理状态) mood; sentiments; morale; feeling: antagonistic sentiments; 对立情绪。rashness; 急躁情绪。
    1. (不愉快的情感) depression; moodiness; sulks: be in a fit of depression; be in low spirits; have a fit of the sulks; 闹情绪 rather sulky; 有点儿情绪。 3.(心理) emotion: Emotion swells and subsides. 情绪忽高忽低。

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