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According to Xinhua News Agency, China Daily and other official media outlets of English language of China, 中央纪律检查委员会 is Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, but 中央政法委员会 is Committee of Polictical and Legal Affairs,发展和改革委员会 is National Development and Reform Commission,中央直属机关工作委员会 is Work Committee for Departments Directly Under the CPC Central Committee.

Commission and committee are both used to mean 委员会, what is the difference?

  • The abstract difference is the difference between mission and purpose. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Oct 25 '17 at 12:24
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A commission is a group appointed by the government to accomplish a certain task. The commission can cease to exist when the task is completed (e.g., the 9/11 Commission, which investigated the events surrounding 9/11). Or the commission can be ongoing indefinitely (e.g., the Securities and Exchange Commission, which oversees Wall Street).

In government, committee is a group of people who meet to make a certain decision or to gather information and produce documents. Committees, too, can be short-lived or long-term.

A committee can also be a commission, and vice-versa. Because the term "commission" is more specific than "committee," a group of people that fit both descriptions would usually call themselves a commission. For example, when a crisis affects a city or state, the mayor or governor will usually appoint a commission to gather information, make decisions/recommendations, and accomplish certain other tasks.

Sources:

https://painintheenglish.com/case/3801

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-commission-committee-and-council

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委员会means committee. You can say 班委会 it means a group of students elected to run the class under the supervision of headmaster in a class.But committee means a lot more in a general sense.

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  • Your answer is a little confusing, your example is beyond me. – NanningYouth Oct 31 '17 at 12:51
  • I'm so sorry if I confused you,and I made a mistake ,委员会can be translated to committee or commission.It's a sort of a club ,that's all I can explain,sorry if I wasn't explaining very well. – jakey Oct 31 '17 at 12:57

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