In the following sentence:


一样 usually means "like" or "the same as". However, I don't understand the meaning here.

I feel I understand the two points below correctly:

  • Since it is an enumeration comma (、), 合理饮食 and 积极运动 can be concatenated.

  • 与 then concatenates 适度的睡眠时间 and 合理饮食、积极运动.

However, then my questions are:

  • How does the 一样 work here? Does it modify "合理饮食、积极运动" or just "积极运动" or the entire "适度的睡眠时间与合理饮食、积极运动"?

  • What is the meaning of 一样 in this sentence?

I feel that "A 与 B、C 一样" mean "A, and B and C as well", but am not sure...

  • BTW in "降低患上心血管疾病的风险", is 上 considered a result complement? 患 means "contract", and 患上 means "contract the disease (as a completed condition)"?
    – Blaszard
    Commented Nov 6, 2017 at 16:05
  • "上" functions as result complement to 患, the various uses/meanings of "上" as result complement have been discussed at this site before and can be looked up in grammars, e.g. "实用现代汉语语法"
    – user6065
    Commented Nov 6, 2017 at 17:43
  • 与(跟,和)。。。、。。。一样,is basic grammar, see grammars on comparison,e.g."外国人实用汉语语法":用"跟"表示比较。一、用介词"跟"表示比较的意义。如果区别两个人或两种事物的异同,可以用介词"跟"引出比较的对象,再用谓语表示比较的结果。用"跟"表示比较的句子的基本格式是:<比较的人或事物>---<介词"跟">---<比较的人或事物>---<比较的结果(异同)>例如:这张画跟那张画一样。他学的专业跟你学的专业一样。他的爱好跟我的爱好差不多。我的想法跟你的想法相同。去他那儿跟来我这儿一样。你买跟我买一样。
    – user6065
    Commented Nov 6, 2017 at 17:59
  • uses of 上 as complement of direction/result, see comments 1,2,3,4 at chinese.stackexchange.com/questions/21239/…
    – user6065
    Commented Nov 6, 2017 at 18:10
  • 适度的睡眠时间合理饮食积极运动一样: A likes both B & C.
    – xenophōn
    Commented Nov 7, 2017 at 9:00

2 Answers 2



适度的睡眠时间 is the same as '合理饮食 and 积极运动'


与 。。。 一样 = just like

Research shows
(that) the appropriate amount of sleep, just like a balanced diet and exercise,
can replenish one's strength,
regulate our physiological functions,
and lower the risk of cardio-vascular disease.

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