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What's the difference between 也 (ye3) vs. 又 (you4)?

These two links, link1 and link2, discuss them individually but do not contrast them.

This last link contrasts 又 with 再 (zai4).

  • "实用汉语近义虚词词典"也(副)/又(副) [相同] 都是副词,作状语,都可以用于(既)。。。,也/又。。。"的复句中,表示同一事物同时具有两个特点或性质,或两种情况同时存在,此时前后两个分句主语相同,可以互换:(1)周英和刘丽是小学同学,又是中学同学。(也✓)(2)我们班有韩国人,又有泰国人。(也✓)(3)林芳长得漂亮,又活泼开朗,大家都很喜欢她。(也✓)(4)他既会弹钢琴,也会拉小提琴,真是多才多艺。(又✓)(5)你既不想吃牛肉,也不想吃猪肉,到底要吃什么?(又✓)(6)王老师讲得很清楚,也很生动。(又✓) [不同] 1。 "也"可以表示两个不同的人或事物具有相同的情况,此时前后分句的主语不同;"又"没有这种用法:(1)张华是学物理的,我也是学物理的。(又✗)(2)树叶绿了,小草也绿了。(又✗)(3)报名表也填了,考试费也交了,在没别的事了。(又✗)(4)你也唱,我也唱,大家一起唱。(又✗) 2。 "又"还可以表示同一动作行为或情况重复出现,或两个动作接连交替出现:(1)这部电影我以前看过,今天又看了一遍。(也✗)(2)时间过得真快,又到中秋节了!(也✗)(3)他拿着照片,看了又看,高兴得不得了。(也✗)(4)老人站起来又坐下去,坐下去又站起来。(也✗)(5)我做完教学作业以后,又开始听英语。(也✗) 3。 "又。 – user6065 Nov 14 '17 at 8:18
  • 。。又"表示几种行为同时进行,或两种状态同时存在; 也。。。也。。。"表示并列的行为、情况,不能互换:(1)老赵热情地招待客人,又倒茶,又递烟。(也✗)(2)这件衣服又宽又大,不合身。(也✗)(3)饭也吃了,酒也喝了,该走了。(又✗)(4)在这种场合,我吃也不是,不吃也不是。(又✗) – user6065 Nov 14 '17 at 8:19
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Both 也 and 又 can mean "also" . (也 is more literary, 又 is more colloquial)

(既~也~) is a common structure that connect two verb or adjective phrases

Example:

"他既教油畫, 教中國畫" (beside teaching oil painting, he also teaches Chinese painting)

~

(又~又~) and (既~又~) are common structures that connect two verb or adjective phrases

Example:

"他又教油畫, 教中國畫" (first 又 can be omitted )

"既殺人放火" - beside killing people, he also burning down villages (既 can be omitted )

However both 也 and 又 have other meanings that are not interchangeable. Most noticeably 又 can mean "again" , while 也 cannot; 也 can mean "still/ even" while 又 cannot.

  1. also; besides; either; too

  2. as well

  3. still

  4. even

~

  1. and; also; again; in addition to

  2. moreover; furthermore

  • btw would 也 and 都 be interchangeable for "also"? should this get posted as a separate question? thanks again for your help! – Crashalot Nov 14 '17 at 6:13
  • In certain context, both 也 and 都 can mean "too". For example: "連他也被解雇了"/ 連他都被解雇了 (even he was fired too); Notice in both examples, "even" is connected to "too" ( even~ too = 連~也/都). If the "even" meaning is removed, you can only say " 他也被解雇了" (He was also fired) , because 都 itself already implied the meaning of "even" . For example "他都被解雇了" means "(even) he was fired too" – Tang Ho Nov 14 '17 at 6:45
  • thanks! do you think i should post this as a separate question or are they largely interchangeable? – Crashalot Nov 14 '17 at 7:27
1

也 means "too", "also": 我也是. Me too.

又 means "again": 今天又下雨了. It rained again today.

In informal speech, 也 is more neutral. It simply conveys the information that something is the same as something else. 他也是一个学生。He is also a student.

又 can have a negative connotation. 他又这样! He is doing it again!

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