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This excellent answer explains the differences between 成语, 俗语, and 谚语.

However, it doesn't discuss which one -- if any -- translates into "slang."

Do any of these mean "slang" in Cantonese and Mandarin? The dictionary definitions are not clear.

成语 俗语 谚语 俗話 熟語 俚語

  • 俚語 .................. – dan Nov 14 '17 at 6:30
  • @dan for both cantonese and mandarin? also please post as answer or you can't get credit! ;) – Crashalot Nov 14 '17 at 6:30
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    Not sure about Cantonese. So someone who knows Cantonese is the right person to answer this. Credits or reputations of this site are not important as long as we can help more Chinese learners. – dan Nov 14 '17 at 6:43
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    If you’re trying to get Chinese people to understand I would go with 口语 as opposed to 书面语, it’s probably the easiest way to express this colloquially. – user3306356 Nov 14 '17 at 9:12
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For "slang"

俚語- Mandarin

俗称- 'slang' (n) Cantonese e.g.「孖煙囪係男裝短內褲嘅俗称」('Double chimney' is a slang for men's short under pants)

俗称 (v) 'commonly called' e.g, 「男裝短內褲俗称孖煙囪」 (men's short under pants is commonly called 'Double chimney'

俗语 = 'folk saying/ as the saying goes' e.g. 俗語都有話:「牛唔飲水點㩒得牛頭低」( As the saying goes: " If a bull doesn't want to drink water, there's no way you can force its head down")

  • once again, thanks! how about 口语 as another user suggests for "slang" in cantonese? – Crashalot Nov 14 '17 at 17:14
  • 口语 means "colloquial spoken words" in contrast of 書面語 ( literary reading) for example, when you say "係我", it is a 口语 ; when you read from a script and say "是我", then it is a 書面語 – Tang Ho Nov 15 '17 at 9:06
  • The 口语 and 書面語 of 孖煙囪 are the same – Tang Ho Nov 15 '17 at 9:13

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