What conjunction could be used to express extension (of area):

In Moscow and also in the whole Russia there are lots of folk festivals being held.

So I need construction for: "In A and also in the whole B ..."


  • alternative E: "just as in (the whole of R)" 跟全部俄罗斯一样
    – user6065
    Nov 21, 2017 at 15:00
  • You can say "在莫斯科以及全俄罗斯。。。".
    – user4072
    Nov 21, 2017 at 16:05
  • @user6065 , in the "A跟B一样" there is no difference between A and B, they are the same. I need to express precedence of A, but also mention that B is a kind of A. Nov 22, 2017 at 7:08
  • 在莫斯科并在全部俄罗斯也有。。。In Moscow, and in all of Russia, too ...
    – user6065
    Nov 22, 2017 at 8:10

2 Answers 2


莫斯科 ~ 俄罗斯

由莫斯科(以至)全俄罗斯 = From Moscow (to) the entire Russia

look at Moscow first, and then extend your view to look at the entire Russia

You cannot reverse the order and write "由全俄罗斯(以至)莫斯科" because 莫斯科 is already included in 全俄罗斯

songyuanyao wrote:


It means "In Moscow (and also) the entire Russia" .

Mainly indicate things happen in Moscow. Mentioning of Russia as a supplementary information. You cannot reverse the order and write "在全俄罗斯(以及)莫斯科" because 莫斯科 is already included in 全俄罗斯

Usage difference between 以至 and 以及:

  • "From Boston, New York, Chicago 以至 the whole America" sounds natural. You are extending your view from one city to another and eventually extend to every city in the country

  • "In Boston, New York, Chicago 以及 the whole America" sound strange, It is easier just say "In the whole United States"


In Moscow, as in other parts of Russia, there are many folk festivals.

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