In Mandarin there are a variety of adjectives that express "rich" - 富,丰富,肥,充实,阔,丰盛,浓郁,富足,etc...

Some of them I believe don't fit in a person; 肥 is an equivalent to "fertile" in English, 浓郁 is "dense", etc...

But I can't decide which is the correct adjective among 富,丰富,富足,丰盛, etc...

The example:



In these cases, which adjective is the most suitable to express "rich"?

Also, in these cases (irrespective of the term "rich"), how can I know which adjective is the most suitable in a context?

  • 富,丰富,富足,丰盛,see dictionaries supplied examples showing collocation:(only the 1st can apply to person, in fixed expressions, bound morpheme ) 1) s.v. wealthy; abundant(财产多) wealthy; rich: 富商 wealthy merchant 富人 rich man (丰富; 多) rich; abundant: 年富力强 in one's prime 富于养分 be rich in nutrition 富于自我批评精神 be imbued with the spirit of self-criticism 富于创造性 be highly creative 他们把富日子当穷日子过。 They are thrifty even in days of affluence. 丰富 (种类多; 数量大) abundant; ample; aplenty; rich; plentiful: 丰富的经验 rich experience 资源丰富 rich in natural resources 她的想象力非常丰富。
    – user6065
    Commented Nov 22, 2017 at 16:29
  • She has plenty of imagination. 富足 丰富充足:过着富足的日子。[plentiful; abundant] 丰富而充足的 富足的国家 财物丰足。 丰盛 丰富<指物质方面>:丰盛的酒席。 [sumptuous; rich] 食物丰富; 充足 丰盛的一餐 丰富而繁盛。rich; sumptuous; bumper: 1) 犹盛多。 2) 犹丰熟。 3) 犹兴盛。 II 指丰满的祭器,内装黍稷一类祭品。丰盛的酒席 a sumptuous feast 丰盛的筵席 a feast of fat things,
    – user6065
    Commented Nov 22, 2017 at 16:34
  • 土豪 - probably the best
    – Mou某
    Commented Nov 22, 2017 at 16:51
  • rich person (see dictionaries) 有钱,有财的人,ichacha:wealthy 财产多的,富有的;丰富的,充分的;大量的 a wealthy family 豪门春色 very wealthy 极有钱 wealthy family 富裕家庭 used predicatively :as rich as croesus ie very rich 像克罗伊斯那样 富有 be very rich and generous 富有 又出手大方 土豪 bkrs:local tyrant local strong man (slang) nouveau riche local despot local tyrant 1) 地方上有钱 有势 的家族或个人。 2) 特指乡村中有钱 有势的恶霸 。 3) 一方的 首领
    – user6065
    Commented Nov 22, 2017 at 17:17
  • 丰富 is rich in resources, but usually not for money.
    – fefe
    Commented Nov 23, 2017 at 1:19

1 Answer 1




In your context, among those words you listed, only 富 is appropriate. 富 means 富有;有钱;having lots of money.

肥 can also fit, but it will mean fat, which would be an insult.

阔 might be also ok, meaning "having lots of money or able to spend lots of money". But it's not that common as 富 or 有钱.

The rest 丰盛,浓郁,富足 are usually used to describe things, conditions and etc.

  • possible duplicate of comments
    – user6065
    Commented Nov 23, 2017 at 2:09
  • @user6065 Why do you usually leave a comment but never write an answer?
    – Blaszard
    Commented Nov 23, 2017 at 20:41
  • 富 is one-syllable word, so if there is a case that a two-syllables word fits better, which word should I use?
    – Blaszard
    Commented Nov 23, 2017 at 20:41
  • duck test 鸭子测试: 如果它看起来像鸭子,游泳像鸭子,叫声像鸭子,那么它可能就是只鸭子。
    – user6065
    Commented Nov 23, 2017 at 22:28
  • @Blaszard,富有 can be used in this context.
    – dan
    Commented Nov 24, 2017 at 0:57

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