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I have read that 將 is used for actions or events in the near future, but in some other definitions of the word, it is simply used for a future action.

  • "汉英虚词词典" (副词)表示行为或情况在不久以后将要发生:Will,be going to; indicates that an action or situation will happen in the near future.1.这些冷库~分别在今年和明后两年建成投产。(报)2。位于京西门头沟区的古老的潭柘寺,现正加紧修缮,不久~对游人开放。(报)3。目下,他们要去作战的地方,环境~更艰苦,战斗~更残酷。(杜鹏程<保卫延安>4。我的腿残废了,这~给工作带来不少麻烦。(刘元举<我和老师>)5。报仇的火焰烧起来了,烧得冲天似地高,烧毁几千年来阻碍中国进步的封建,新的社会~从这火里产生。(周立波<暴风骤雨>)参看"将要" 将要 (副词)同"将",比"将"口语化:Same as 将(be going to, will), but more colloquial:1.这里正是敌人~通过的要道,老百姓站在那里干什么呢?(魏巍<东方>)2。他的头是那么虚空昏胀,仿佛刚想起自己,就又把自己忘了,像~灭的蜡烛,连自己也不能明白了似的。(老舍<骆驼祥子>)3。井台另一边,有一堆~熄灭的篝火,不时冒着黑烟。(王汶石<井下>)4。她不想听到李为民下面~说的话,站起来,默默地把行李挑在肩上。(肖育轩<心声>) – user6065 Nov 28 '17 at 2:18
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According to Xinhua dictionary, it means the near future. 快要:将要。将至。将来。即将。

E.g. "The winter is coming." is translated to "凛冬将至" is Chinese.

But I think 将来 is simply used for future action. E.g. 我将来要成为一个科学家.

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  1. 'will'- e.g. 获得奖励 = (will get awarded)

    • usually [将 + verb + object], e.g. 将失去目标; 将赴远方
  2. short for '将快'or '即将'(will soon) - e.g 人将死 = 人快要死了 (the person will die soon); 国亡 = 国家快要灭亡了 (country will be destroyed soon)

将来

  1. 'future'(n) - e.g. 你和我没有未来= 你和我没有将来 (you and I have no future)

  2. 'will in the future' (adverb phrase) - e.g. "我将来要成为一个科学家" (I will become a scientist in the future)

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