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"悠久" is often used to describe a period of history (I read it from ), and I wonder how does the adv "悠" work in "悠久".

I've searched, the complete word means,

悠久,汉语词汇,形容词(褒义)。
拼音:yōu jiǔ
词义:长久;久远。

But I can't figure out what does "悠" mean.

  • why not look up 悠 in any dictionary: 〈形〉 bkrs:(1) 长; 远 [long; distant] 今吾道路悠远。 --《国语·吴语》。 注: "长也。 " 悠远长怀。 --《史记·司马相如传》 江山悠隔, 朝宗无阶。 --《晋书》 於乎悠哉, 朕未有艾。 --《诗·周颂·访落》 山海隔中州, 相去悠且长。 --汉·苏武《诗四首》 (2) 又如: 悠永(久远); 悠修(遥远); 悠逖(远方); 悠婉(悠扬婉转); 悠短(长短); 悠裔(辽远); 悠漫(漫长); 悠缅(久远; 遥远); 悠邈(久远); 悠阔(辽阔); 悠旷(遥远) 6 more items:(3) 飘扬的样子 [fluttering] 建辰旒之太常, 纷焱悠以容裔。 --《文选·张衡·东京赋》 (4) 又如: 悠气儿(微弱的气息); 悠奕(飘逸姣丽的样子); 悠柔(悠扬柔和); 悠逸(飘逸); 悠婉(悠扬婉转) (5) 闲适的样子 [leisurely] 采菊东篱下, 悠然见南山。 --晋·陶潜《饮酒二十首》 (6) 又如: 悠闲; 悠暇(闲适); 悠溶(安闲的样子) (7) 众多 [numerous] 看福寿有, 子女悠, 夫人又。 --明·汤显祖《牡丹亭》 (8) 又如: 悠悠.小马词典12 w st w 悠 (alr incl a) – user6065 Dec 13 '17 at 12:36
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has the same meaning as in this case.

It is a kind of word making method in Chinese, which combines two synonymic characters together. Perhaps the terminology tautology can be used here.

For example: 亲吻 拥抱 战斗 早晨 林木

  • Yip Po-ching CLCS uses the term juxtapositional (not accepted by US(?) spellcheck)type V-V:亲吻、拥抱,N-N: 战斗、早晨、林木, Chinese term 并列 – user6065 Dec 13 '17 at 13:41
  • @user6065 Thanks for your correction. And 战斗 is either V-V or N-N, as verb or noun should be decided depending on the context. – Tianjian Qin Dec 13 '17 at 14:10

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