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I came across the following sentence: 如果不是这样的话,那你为什么生我的气

I haven't seen 生气 as a verb before and was confused by the grammar of 生我的气 but didn't know how to google it as I don't even have the language to describe the situation well. Can someone point me in the right direction to this aspect of Chinese grammar? Thanks!

  • "现代汉语离合词用法词典"生气: [离] (1)"生"后带助词"着"、"了"、"过"、"的"等:别去碰他,他正生着气呢。/她一个人在那儿生了半天气。/我什么时候生过气?/你怎么惹他生的气?(2)"生"后带补语:你在这儿生了半天气,可一点儿用也没有,反倒把身体气坏了。(3)"气"提到"生"前:你气生完了吗?就洗洗脸,吃饭吧。(4)"气"前带定语:你在生谁的气呀? [合] (1)合任主语:生气对身体不好。(2)合任谓语:你瞧,他又生气了。(3)合任宾语:你就受生气。(4)合任定语:瞧她那生气的样子!(5)合带定语:他那样的生气谁也不怕。(6)合带状语:你跟他说话的时候要注意,他这个人很容易生气。 [误] 他生气你了,你还不知道。[正] 他生你的气了,你还不知道。 [误] 他一个人生气了半天。 [正] 他一个人生了半天气。More examples for "明词"前带定语:生病:他生了什么病?生火;露营的同学们在草原上生了一堆火。生事:这孩子从小到大可生了不少事。帮忙;他谁的忙也不帮,就只帮你的忙。立功:这位连长在对敌作战中立过两次一等功。开口;他都把话说绝了,我还能开什么口呢?讲话:刚才大家讲得全面了,我也就不再讲什么话了。超车:你开得太快了,这几分钟你就超了八辆车!败兴:她败了丈夫的兴,自己还不知道。挨批;他挨了大家的批, – user6065 Jan 8 '18 at 15:26
  • 可心里并不服。调价:这次要调哪些商品的价?投票;我也投了他一票。转车:你在永安里转哪路车? – user6065 Jan 8 '18 at 15:29
  • @user65: correction:replace "明词" by "名词" – user6065 Jan 9 '18 at 14:27
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生气 is a verb for "get angry; take offence"

'的' in 生我的气 is an 'adjectival particle' that turns the noun '我'(I) into ''(toward me)

'生气' (get angry) --> '生(对)我的(怒)气' = ( 生气 *at me**) = (get angry at me)

'生气' is a two characters verb, but '气' in '生我的气', is treated as a noun '怒气'

more example:

'发火' (get mad) -->'发不必要的火' = (发 unnecessary 火) = (get mad unnecessarily )

'发火' is a two characters verb, but '火' in '发不必要的火' is treated as a noun '怒火'

A more telling example:

问话 [ask word] = questioning

你的话 [ask your word] = questioning you

'话' here is treated as a noun 'words' instead of part of the two characters word 问话 (questioning)

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"生气" is a verb, or often used as a verb: ”他生气了。” “怎么又生气了?”

”生我的气“ specifies the target (or cause) of "生气". So if "生气" means "mad" (or "upset", or "angry"), "生我的气" means "mad/upset at me".

Here's another instance of a similar structure: "沾我的便宜“ => take advantage of me."

In both cases, "我的“ appears to mean "my" (possessive) in Chinese, but "我的“ actually translates into "at me" or "of me", making "me" the target/object of the action (vs the owner/cause of the action).

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