1

Having come across the association of green hats with unfaithful spouses a few times, I tried to learn the original of this practice.

A few sources (e.g. here) mention that the origin of this phrase is a pun on the word for "cuckold", but I don't find any more specific reference. Only 乌龟/头巾 come up in Pleco as an alternate phrase and neither seem like puns.

Is this actually from pun-based origin

3

iTalki has an article that alludes to it:

  1. 戴绿帽子(Wearing a green hat)

If you are traveling in China, you might notice a curious thing – you will never find a Chinese man wearing a green hat. Let it be a warning to you: no matter how curious you are, you’d better not ask them why they don’t wear a green hat! The reason is, in Chinese culture, wearing green hat has a dark meaning: the one wearing it was cuckolded. And, be sure you don’t wear one yourself, either.

The source is a story from the Ming Dynasty. Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang enacted a law, which required men who worked in the prostitution trade to wear green hats. Later, it became common to say about man whose wife had an affair, that she made her husband wear a green hat. It’s best to stay away from those green hats!

Liang'an (which is a free Pleco add-on) also talks about the origin:

古代制度, 罪人及妓女必裹帶綠巾, 以示屈辱。後用以譏諷妻子有外遇, 不守婦道者, 而謔稱其夫為戴綠帽子。

Criminals and prostitutes had to wear green cloth as a type of humiliation in the past. Thus the wearing of a "green hat" came to represent a cheating wife.

The Nan Fang also states:

Although the origin of the phrase remains unknown, there are a number of possible explanations. One theory suggests that the families of prostitutes were forced to wear green hats during the Yuan Dynasty. Another says that male brothel workers wore green hats during the Tang Dynasty. A third theory suggests that the Chinese word for “cuckold” sounds a lot like “wear a green hat”.

Like you mention though, I'm not seeing what similar sounding words there are that match.

I would imagine the Liang'an definition is quite authoritative, instead.

0

well, in 說郛 卷一百十下, there was a story 焚椒錄 mentioned "綠巾" (green scarf) in an "affair" between the empress "懿德皇后" and the actor "趙惟一".

及昏﹒命燭傳命惟一去官服﹒着綠巾﹒金抹額窄袖紫羅衫﹒珠帶烏鞾﹒皇后亦着紫金百鳳衫﹒杏黃金縷裙﹒上戴百寶花髻﹒下穿紅鳳花鞾﹒召惟一更入内帳對彈琵琶﹒命酒對飲﹒或飲或彈

"着綠巾" here means "wear green scarf"

the following text was, well, suitable for 18+ only; i would not quote it here.

the internet archive has the pdf file:

https://archive.org/stream/06069915.cn#page/n108/mode/1up

  • JSYK you can write hidden quotes with the >! tag. – user3306356 Mar 26 '18 at 9:02

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