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I have been wondering how come the HSK list be so diferent from the list of the most used Chinese characters.

The only list I know about character frequency is Jun Da's list. On the first 2635 most common characters of the list (I picked 2635, because it's the total number of the HSK characters), there are exactly 305 characters that are not listed on any HSK.

On the rest of Jun Da's list (a total of 7000 characters) there are another 304 characters that are on the HSK list, but are way way farther than the most used characters (the last two rank at #4527 and #4771).

Questions:
1. What are the criteria for the character choice on HSK?
2. Why is the HSK list so different from the most used characters list?

Additional comments are very welcome.

  • What do you mean by "I picked 2635, because it's the total number of the HSK characters"? I googled by "hsk number of characters 2635" and this post showed at the top of the result, so I'm sure the figure is not authoritative at all. – Blaszard Jul 9 '18 at 8:55
  • @Blaszard As far as I know, there's no official list with the total number of HSK characters. I just picked the official HSK vocabulary list (since it's official, I'd call it authoritative), removed the repeated characters and came with that number: 2635 individual characters. I also counted how many extra pronunciations there were, which adds another 101 characters to the list. – Enrico Brasil Jul 10 '18 at 16:27
  • I realised a while ago that there are plenty of useful characters that aren't in the HSK lists. It could be useful for students who have already gone through the HSK lists to have a list of the top, say, 1000 characters in Jun Da's list that aren't in the HSK lists. – goPlayerJuggler Aug 30 '18 at 15:23
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To answer your second question:

From a mathematical perspective, it will depend on the texts that are sampled to compile any list and the variances associated with those samples. Languages evolve and there is no true character frequency, only an approximation. Spoken Chinese will have a different character frequency to written Chinese because the spoken language has a high entropy. It is likely that the HSK test had a panel of experts select characters based on what they deemed to be suitable, whereas the list you referenced was mass sampled by some kind of web crawler.

It is inconceivable that every single electronic Chinese character on the internet has been sampled, and if it was that would be very biased as that would ignore all of the written works not uploaded to the internet. Depending on the format of the inputs there will be a huge difference, if lots of text was taken from 微薄, then the character 哈 might rank as common, purely from comments that are like "hahahaha" for example. If classical Chinese was sampled heavily then characters like 曰 might feature much more frequently than 说.

Some of the HSK 5 and 6 words are very political and business oriented, but there are not many scientific words.

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