In my Chinese textbook, for a dialogue, one of the lines says "我下个星期要考中文". Why is 中文 after 考, shouldn't the sentence be "我下个星期要中文的考"?

  • 1
    要+verb考+object中文, 考is not noun
    – sfy
    Commented Jun 1, 2018 at 8:55
  • 考中文考试 to have a Chinese test would also be acceptable phrasing. Perhaps it is the omission of 考试 (test) that is throwing you off.
    – Mou某
    Commented Jun 1, 2018 at 9:56

3 Answers 3


考 is the verb.

我 / 下个星期 / 要 / 考 / 中文
I / next week / will / test / Chinese

If it helps, you could regard 考中文 here as a set construction meaning "to have a Chinese test". Same for 考数学 etc.


If you want to get 考 further back in your sentence, you might write:

我下周有汉语考试。Next week I have a Chinese exam.

汉语 Chinese language
考试 exam


我下个星期要考中文 because in this sentence, 考 is a verb, 中文 is a noun. do something after 要 (preposition)

In other word, 我下个星期有中文考试

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