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These two words seem to be the same for me. Both mean "resist".

According to 百度词典:

  • 抗拒:抵抗并拒绝

  • 抵御:抵挡;抗御

At least 抵抗 and 反抗 seems to be different in that it is used to counter "attack".

  • 抵抗:用力量制止对方的进攻、抗击外来的武装侵略或敌军进攻

So regarding 抗拒 and 抵御, how can I use them apart?

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  • title asks for 抵抗 and 抵御,text(last line) for 抗拒 and 抵御! bkrs: 抗拒 resist; oppose; defy; withstand: 抗拒搜查 resistance to search 抗拒法律 offer resistance to the law 他再也抗拒不住她的魅力。 He could resist her charm no longer. 搞创造对他有无法抗拒的吸引力。 Creative work appealed to him irresistibly.#7535 resist; defy 他无法抗拒诱惑。 He can't resist temptation. 抵御 (抵抗) resist; withstand: 抵御进攻 resist an attack 抵御外侮 resist foreign aggression #9401,examples seem to indicate that 抗拒 is the more general term, whereas 抵御 involves resistance to attack, iciba examples: 竖起衣领抵御冷雾,防火墙抵御黑客袭击,抵御疾病
    – user6065
    Jun 5 '18 at 19:15
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抗拒:1. 抵抗, resist; 2. 拒绝, refuse;

抵御:1. 抵挡, 抵抗, resist; 2. 抵御, 预防, protect from;

So, there is an overlap in meaning (sense 1) between these two words. For example, 无法抗拒==无法抵御; 抗拒诱惑==抵御诱惑;

Also, there is a different usage(sense 2) between the two. For example, 抗拒搜查 means you fight against police in order to resist their searching in your home;well, 抵御搜查 would mean that you hide your evidence to protect it to be found out by police; another example is 抵御疾病 means you could wear more to protect you from the disease like a cold; well, there is no direct way that you can fight with diseases, so 抗拒疾病 seems not to make any sense. You can't literally refuse the diseases when they come.

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  • Thanks and yes I found 诱惑 is used in both cases on Pleco, so I was confused. Seems that 抗拒 is more initiative and/or agressive while 抵御 sounds more passive.
    – Blaszard
    Jun 6 '18 at 10:49
  • @Blaszard yeah, that kinda idea.
    – dan
    Jun 6 '18 at 11:29
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抗 = resist; 拒 = repel

抗拒 is 'actively resist and repel'

~

抵 = brace ; 禦 = keep out; defend; guard against; take precautions against

抵禦 is 'actively resist plus passively defend'

We have terms like 力抗 (forcefully resist), 力拒 (forcefully repel); but we don't have 力禦 (forcefully prevent/ defend)

  • 抵禦 something you can actively resist and passively defend against , like 寒冷,疾病 and 外敵

  • 抗拒 something you can actively resist and repel, coincidentally, 寒冷,疾病 and 外敵 all qualify for that

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