In the following sentence:


I wonder why it is 起, not 起来 in the sentence above. In my understanding, the correct complement (direction complement) is 起来, but in this sentence it does not have 来.

So is it correct that this usage of 起 is direction complement as well? In that case, why is it 起, not 起来?

1 Answer 1



hold high the flag; raise the flag;


take up arms;


As you can see, the verb should be followed by 起 when there is an object at the end, for example 拿起武器. When there's no object, 起来 should be used, e.g. 拿起来. Basically, you can consider 拿起 as a transitive and 拿起来 as an intransitive.

You can also use 把. It will be like 把...拿起来. e.g. 把武器拿起来.

So, 孩子们渐渐建立起对他的信任 can be paraphrased as 孩子们渐渐对他的信任建立起来.

  • I've never thought about transitivity like that in that case. It's a really nice way to see it. Commented Jun 11, 2018 at 0:52

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