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For example,

看见 - 看

离开 - 离

but

喜欢 - 喜欢

知道 - 知道

Why is this done and how do I know if I should or shouldn't do it when negating? Couldn't find anything on the Internet.

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1 Answer 1

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There are only two potential particles, and they are 得 and 不

When a potential particle is inserted between a verb and its result complement, it turn that verb from an active verb into a potential verb

Examples:

看見 = See

看得見 = can see

看不見 = can’t see

~

聽到 = hear

聽得到 = can hear

聽不到 = can‘t hear

When an adverb 不 or 沒 is placed before a verb, it funcutions as ‘not’ and ‘have not’ respectively.

Examples:

看 = to see

不看 = not to see

~

有看 = have seen

沒看 = have not seen

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