I know the male version when describing gender of an animal or pet is 公,but I have no clue with the female version.

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    母.............? – songyuanyao Jul 21 '18 at 14:03
  • pronouns? 母、雌、公、雄 pronouns?, personal pronoun for any animal 它 (in fairy tales etc. 她、他 possible according to gender) – user6065 Jul 21 '18 at 15:32
  • suggestion: look up: cow,hen,ewe,doe,ox,cock/rooster,buck,stag in E-C dictionaries, e.g. iciba:奶牛,乳牛,母鸡,母羊,雌鹿,公鸡,雄鹿,牡鹿, also 牡(of a bird, animal or plant) male,special case:cow 奶牛,乳牛 may have greater usage frequency than 母牛 – user6065 Jul 21 '18 at 16:18
  • there is more:mare,sow,gander,stallion,boar,drake,drone, 雌鹅,母马,母驴,母猪,雄鹅,公马,公猪,公鸭,雄蜂 – user6065 Jul 21 '18 at 17:20
  • @comment #1: justifying "pronoun", in E gender can be specified using prefixed personal pronouns "she,he", e.g. 母蟾蜍/母癞蛤蟆、雌鲨鱼、雌千足虫、母骆驼、雄青蛙,雄金枪鱼、公乌鸦、公臭鼬,she-toad, she-shark, she -millipede, she-camel,he-frog, he-tuna,he-crow, he-skunk, – user6065 Jul 22 '18 at 16:58

To be simple, male/female: 公/母、雄/雌

公鸡、母鸡;公狗、母狗; 公牛、母牛。

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    in Cantonese, female animal is called ~乸 and male animal is called ~公. e.g. 狗公, 狗乸; 猫公, 猫乸 – Tang Ho Jul 21 '18 at 15:02
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    Glad to know something different. I don't speak Cantonese, maybe you can give another answer about it. – Bruce Huang Jul 21 '18 at 15:09

In modern Chinese 公/母 is the commonest way to describe animal gender. 雄/雌 is typically used in written language. 牡/牝 is more literary. 豭/豝(boar/sow)牯/牸(ox/cow)and many other pairs originally meant the animals of either gender and extended to refer to either gender of animals. However, note that they are never used in modern Chinese now, so if you use them in talking or writing, you will have to explain it with 公/母 or something, and give others an impression of pretension.

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