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I always just assumed mulberry was 桑葚. I was going through some materials though and came across many variants:

  • 桑椹
  • 桑甚
  • 桑黮

It's not as if they are even traditional or simplified variants. What's up with all these different suffixes (葚, 椹, 甚, 黮) for mulberry?

  • 1
    Are you sure that they’re different endings? Just a guess, but it looks like different semantic indicators were added to the same ending because the spelling was not standardised. – droooze Jul 26 '18 at 4:31
  • @droooze that’s a point, and you might just be right. – user3306356 Jul 27 '18 at 10:18
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(sāng shèn),又作桑,桑树的成熟果实,为桑科植物桑树的果穗。又名桑椹子、桑蔗、桑枣、桑果、桑泡儿,乌椹等。


dàn
云黑色:“当时黮闇犹承误,末俗纷纭更乱真。”
shèn
古通“葚”,桑果:“食我桑黮。”

So it seems that 桑椹 and 桑葚 are the same. And 黮 is the interchangeability character of 葚 in ancient time. While 甚 should be a wrong word since I didn't find any explanation related to 桑甚.

  • 桑甚 is recorded in ABC and Grand Ricci. – user3306356 Jul 26 '18 at 10:15

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