3

Today I visited a garden of one of my friends and there were several screen walls with a character on each one. (The owner was absent and neither could his housekeeper read these characters.) 1 2 3 4 These walls shield the cloister. 5 The last wall shields the gate.

But still I could guess out most of them (as a native speaker). The first four are 天 地 同 和 (point out if I am wrong). By no means can I identify the last one. Hope someone can help X:D

(I recognize 酋 and 廾 up to down in the last character, but they don't look like any character I know.)

  • The character is 尊. – droooze Aug 17 '18 at 6:40
  • @droooze (。・ω・。)ノ♡ Ooops, but the bottom of it... sigh. – Toosky Hierot Aug 17 '18 at 6:42
  • I'll write up the explanation soon, just gotta find the right references. – droooze Aug 17 '18 at 6:43
4

The character is「尊」.

「尊」was originally a combination of a wine vessel「酉」and two hands「廾」, indicating the meaning (to conduct) a wine ceremony or ceremonial wine vessel. Quote:

《儀禮ㆍ士冠禮》“側一甒醴。”

鄭玄注:“置酒曰。”

An oracle bone sample is

enter image description here

and this is the form found in the photo.

Western Zhou bronzes eventually replaced「酉」with「酋」.「酋」is a character differentiated from「酉」through the addition of two strokes on the top.

enter image description here

A long time after, the two hands component「廾」was interchanged with「寸」.「寸」,「又」,「廾」and other things depicting hands were commonly swapped in ancient scripts, but here「寸」was also favoured due to the phonetic clue it is able to provide.

enter image description here

The modern form is a continuation from the above.


Reference:

  • 黃德寬《古文字譜系疏證》

In case the other characters are hard to recognise,「地」and「和」are written with variants「坨」and「龢」, respectively.

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