0

What does 到 mean in this sentence :

哪里可以买到正版的这本书?

Does 买到 here serve as a verb-object word? I doubt it though.

3

「到」(literally to arrive) is a verb complement to show whether an action has or can be completed (“arrived at the finished state”).

Since「到」is not actually necessary in this sentence to express the same meaning, it is easier to demonstrate the meaning of「到」with a complementary sentence:

那裏買不到正版的這本書

The proper version of this book can’t be bought there.

X「到」means the action X can be completed, X「不到」means it cannot be completed.

  • 3
    This is sometimes referred to as a Resultative Verb (结果补语词) where 到 is, as you mentioned, the result. – user3306356 Oct 2 '18 at 10:42
  • 1
    Slight inaccuracy at the end: 〔X到〕 means that the result is completed (a resultative complement). Conversely, 〔X得到〕 means that the result can be (but is not necessarily) completed (a potential complement). – Janus Bahs Jacquet Oct 3 '18 at 19:36
1

到 is a result complement. 买到 is the shorthand of 买得到.

Sematically, 买到这本书 means you buy and get the book.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.