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Which of the following sentence is correct, or are both correct? Why?

1.虽然学校采取了一些措施,但是没有什么效果.

2.虽然学校采取了一些措施,但是没有什么效应.

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The biggest difference is in the fact that 效应 is, usually, effect, as in: the butterfly effect, the Matthew effect, the Bambi effect or as Wiki explains it:

observable phenomena

  • I am not sure I understand what you meant. 效果 can also be observable. – cnwang09 Jan 16 at 0:07
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效果: result; effect

效应: effect

1.虽然学校采取了一些措施,但是没有什么效果. 2.虽然学校采取了一些措施,但是没有什么效应.

Both 没有效果 and 没有效应 are correct if you want to say "no effect"

When you want to say "result" then you must say "效果"

Example:

"US tax reform has not achieved the expected results" = "美国税改并未达到预期的效果"

"US tax reform has not created the expected effect" = "美国税改并未产生预期的效应"

Since 效果 has meaning other than 'effect' We usually translate 'effect' as 效应

As user 3306356's answer stated: 'the butterfly effect' is translated as 蝴蝶效应 (the butterfly effect) instead of 蝴蝶效果(the butterfly effect/result)

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