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I just read about all the three "de" in Chinese (的,得,地) here in this website :

https://resources.allsetlearning.com/chinese/grammar/Structural_particle_%22de%22

In the 地's section, it's said that if you use a "straight-up" adverb, you don't need to use 地 at all.

Yet there's this one example sentence which left me confused :

慢慢地走

Means : slowly walk.

Now, the question is :

1)

If my memory serves me right, isn't 慢慢 already an adverb that means "slowly"? If that's so, then why in that sentence, 地 is still used after 慢慢?

2)

Plus, if this 慢慢 word turns out to be an exception (like, even though 慢慢 itself is already an adverb, I still need to use 地), is there any other exceptions beside 慢慢?

Thank you!!!

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    users note that the examples in the link including "慢慢" are disyllabic, monosyllabic (straight-up ?) adverbs usually are not followed by 地,for when to use or not to use 地 see more comprehensive grammars and/or search this site (has been considered more than once at this site) – user6065 Dec 27 '18 at 0:54
  • @user6065 I didn't know about that disyllabic and monosyllabic thing before 😳 thank you for telling me that ☺️ – Agnes Dec 27 '18 at 1:07
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    searching site for relevant info about 地 has resulted in: chinese.stackexchange.com/questions/13776/… (esp. comment #1) chinese.stackexchange.com/questions/21893/… (esp. comment #1) site rule: avoid thanking users – user6065 Dec 27 '18 at 1:17
  • @user6065 Well, but they (and you) have helped me, so I think, at least, I need to thank you guys 😂 – Agnes Dec 27 '18 at 1:26
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Some adverbs require the adverb marker '地' and some don't. As you stated, '慢慢' can be applied directly before a verb without adding '地'

Look at the following two forms:

"慢慢走" (walk slowly) simply describe the action, the focus in on the verb "走" (walk), "慢慢" is the additional information that describe how the verb is carried out.

"慢慢地走" (walk in a slow manner) emphasize the adverb, the focus is on the manner/degree of the verb

It applies to other adverbs that do not need the adverb marker '地' too

Example:

急急逃走 - run away hurriedly

急急地逃走 - run away in a hurried manner

用力打 - hit forcefully

用力地打 - hit with a forceful degree

輕輕撫摸 - gently stroke

輕輕地撫摸 - stroke in a gentle manner/ stroke in a light degree

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