In a dictionary entry reading…

saggy adj.【方】下垂的;垂曲的;中陷的。

…, what does the notation 【方】 mean?

(Other examples of this notation that I understand include “【美俗】” (American slang), “【解剖】” (anatomy), and “【數學】” (mathematics).)

I’d prefer source material in an answer.

  • 1
    stands for 方言, dialect, local speech
    – user6065
    Commented Jan 1, 2019 at 11:03
  • 1
    source material:袖珍英汉辞典 A Pocket English-Chinese Dictionary 商务印书馆 1972 北京 缩写语 (方)。。。方言
    – user6065
    Commented Jan 1, 2019 at 13:30
  • 4
    Usually the dictionary itself would list all such abbreviation used in the beginning of the dictionary.
    – fefe
    Commented Jan 2, 2019 at 4:33
  • zdic.net/z/1b/js/65B9.htm
    – mootmoot
    Commented Jan 2, 2019 at 9:46
  • For whatever reason, it didn’t occur to me to check the front of the dictionary; I looked up “方” on Wiktionary instead which says nothing about dialects or topolects. “place; region; locality” is the closest definition listed. It didn’t help that the word “方言” was missing from my vocabulary. Commented Jan 2, 2019 at 14:12

2 Answers 2



Is short for 方言.

方言 is defined by mdbg as:

topolect / dialect

Why saggy is considered topolectical or dialectical, though, is beyond me.

  • 2
    This is the correct answer; I should have checked the front of the dictionary per fefe’s comment: it reads “【方】方言 dialect”. Commented Jan 2, 2019 at 14:08

This notation “方” is not short for “方言”.

“方” in “方言、前方” means region.

It's “方正(方方正正)”, which means honesty or integrity.

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