Is there any difference between the words 思想,心思 and 思维? If possible, pls provide some examples on the usage and situation to use it. Thank you!

2 Answers 2


As user6065 mentioned there are many examples can be found. I'll try to give them a simple explanation:

思维 - The generalization and indirect reaction process of the human brain by various means to objective things, or, your way of 'learning' or 'reacting' to things.
example: Perceptual figurative thinking, logical thinking, Rational thinking

思想 - The action or process of thinking, or, your thoughts / mindset / organization of ideas.
example: open-minded, great thinker

心思 - The 'application' or 'capability' of your thinking. It could include your thoughts, your emotions / mood etc.
example: attentiveness, being considerate, carelessness


translations with many examples can be found in online dictionaries, note frequency ranks: 思想 269,思维 2330,心思 3682 ,"汉语同义词词典"of these 3 only has 心思 which is compared to 心情 (frequency rank 1363) 心情/心思 [同]名词。指人的内心感情状态。

[异][心情] 着重指处于喜、乐、哀、努、愁等的内心感情状态。常与"喜悦、欢乐、安逸、平静、舒畅、悲痛、愤怒、惆怅、苦恼、沉重、愁闷、紧张、激动、失望、复杂、崇敬、好、坏"等词搭配。例(1)胡香仍然坐在自己那个不被人注意的角落里,像坐在针毡上一样,不断地挪动着身体,变换着姿势,心情极为混乱不安。[欧阳山<圣地>](2)一觉过后,疲劳恢复了,心情平静啦。(知侠<铺草>)(3)我万分崇敬的心情,瞻仰了这座巍峨、雄伟、庄严的纪念碑。(周定舫<人民英雄垂不朽>)(4)我以无限恋念的心情,想起延安的歌声来了。(吴伯箫<歌声>)(5)全家人怀着怅惘、抱怨、不安的心情离开了客厅。(小学语文课本<看球记>)

[心思] 着重指对某事有兴趣,想去做的内心感情状态。常与"有、没有"等词语搭配。使用范围比"心情"窄。例:(1)他连中学生都不肯当,就是对鸭子有心思。(阵残云<鸭寮记事>)(2)我很忙,没有心思管你这些,你认为怎么做好就怎么好啦。(廖清秀,金钱的故事>)


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