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祭祖的时候,贾敬是主祭,贾赦是陪祭,贾珍献爵,贾琏贾琮献帛,宝玉捧香。青衣奏乐,献爵三次,焚帛奠酒。

As far as I know, 贾敬、贾赦、贾珍、贾琏、贾琮、宝玉都是男人。

青衣,I'm not sure if this is a woman or a man.

没有什么贾氏的女人。

Were women not allowed to make offerings to their ancestors?

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女人在古代能不能进祠堂?

Base on this post, women were not even normally allowed to enter the 宗祠 (ancestors' hall). let alone hosting a rite there in olden time China.

But it only happened in 父系社會 (Patriarchal society). We all know before the patriarchal society time, China was a 母系社會 (Matriarchal society). I am sure the jobs of 祭司 (priest) would be held by women back then.

https://kknews.cc/culture/28llalz.html

在封建社會裡,大戶人家在每年的"祭宗祠″和死了人出殯時,都要請這些走出門戶便叫作"青衣″的人來演奏一番"祭祀″的音樂。

青衣 seems to referring to 'musician'

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