I have learned 3 cases: 1. 的: possession 我家 2. 的: adjective + de + noun 我喜欢红色杯子。 3. 的: after adjective 我的头发长长的。

Are there any other cases?


It is also used for constructing relative clause, such as, 那个穿白衣服的人是老板。我喜欢妈妈做的菜。


When read [ de ]:

  1. Transform noun to adjective:

同学 my classmate

名字 your name

红色苹果 red apple

  1. Be used to form a structure without a central word:

(1)Adjective can be used as noun:

这是我 this is mine

菊花开了,有红,有黄 The chrysanthemums are in bloom; some are red and some yellow.

(2)Express a situation, reason, a (impatient or negative) emotion etc.

瞧这日子过!Look at the days going by!(the speaker are feeling angry or despairing etc.)

(3)something else has nothing to do with somebody:

你睡你,外面的骚动和你无关 You go on sleeping. The disturbance outside has nothing to do with you.

(4)Some "symmetrical" uses

战争结束了,士兵们死死,伤伤 The war is over, the soldiers are dead and wounded.

和朋友去山里野营,大家吃吃,睡睡 Camping in the mountains with friends, eating and sleeping.

  1. Express "I'm sure"

这件事我知道 I do know this thing

  1. "AB的"

A and B have similar meanings.

老乡们沏茶倒水,对我们很热情 The villagers poured tea for us and treated us with familiarly.

沏茶 is A, 倒水 is B, they all mean "give you tea to drink"

The other three pronunciations are also commonly used:

When read [ dí ]:

——他是对的 he is right

——确 yes(answerer also think he is right)

When read [ dì ]:

It means the center of an arrow target.


放矢 shoot at random(means pointless)

When read [ dī ]

no special meaning.

士 taxi

哥 taxi driver

call a taxi

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    Mar 22 '19 at 14:18

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