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What is the literal meaning of 以 in 以 ... 來 pattern like in the following sentence: 以我的情況來看. What is the syntactic role of this word (verb, particle, etc)?

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[以 ... 來 + (v)] = [with/ according to/ base on ... to + (v)]

[]我的情況[]看 = [to] assess it [base on/ according to] my situation

[]我的想法[]說 = [to] judge it [with/ according to] my thinking

[]他的指示[]做標準 = [to] make standards [according to/ with] his instruction

When you can replace 以 with 從 in your sentence, 以 means 'from'

When you can replace 以 with 用 in your sentence, 以 means 'with'

When you can replace 以 with 跟據 in your sentence, 以 means 'according to'

  • Is it possible to provide the literal meaning of 以 word? For example, the particle 把 in sentence 我把車輛賣掉了 can be translated as "take, grab". So, the whole sentence is literally translated as "I took the car and sold it". Also, what about 以? – tenghiz Apr 20 at 2:43
  • 以 can literally be translated as 'with' – Tang Ho Apr 20 at 2:51
  • thank you very much! – tenghiz Apr 20 at 2:53
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Your 'sentence' is a phrase. On its own doesn't really tell us much. It needs a bit more.

以我的情況來看, 我明天去不了浙江。
In my present situation, I don't think I will be able to go to Zhejiang tomorrow.

以我的经济情況來看, 我买不了这辆S600奔驰。
In my present economic situation, I don't think I can afford to buy this S600 Mercedes.

How you translate 以 will always depend on the context. There are no hard and fast rules. Oftentimes it won't get translated.

PS: 我把車輛賣掉了 does not mean "I took the car and sold it"

我把那輛車賣掉了 = 我卖掉了那辆车。= I sold that car.

If you ask a Chinese friend to translate "I sold that car.", he or she will probably tell you:

我把那辆车卖掉了。Chinese people prefer this word order I find. Why? 不知道!

Quite why Chinese uses 把 to achieve a different syntax I don't know, but this 把 or 将 or sometimes 给 don't contribute any meaning, they just allow for a different word order.

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以我的情況來看 - In my case ... I think, we need more, because what you give is not the whole sentence.

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