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Lu Xun says here:

夫國民發展,功雖有在於懷古,然其懷也,思理朗然,如鑒明鏡,時時上征,時時反顧…

夫 is probably the literary auxiliary for introducing a new topic.

有,I assume means “partly”

思理:I’m very unsure about this. Might go with 思辨能力: the ability for analytical thought 朗然:brightly, clearly?

My translation attempt:

As for the development of the populace, the merit in part depends on keeping the Ancient Tradition. But it’s keeping must happen with clear analytical thought, as a mirror or a clear lens, at times proceeding, at times looking back...

There are many parts about which I am uncertain. Can you point out mistakes or improvements?

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    大端合辙,虽然,仍有未尽美之处。“有”表存在,古今因之。“思理朗然”应为“(其怀古之)思(之)理,朗然”,译作今文,私以为作“(然其怀也),思路和道理都清楚明白”。是陈述也。“鉴”为动词,窥镜而照是为鉴,而鉴镜之喻,上推汉唐。《资治通鉴》不为“鉴于往事,有资于治道”乎?据此“如鉴明镜”,当译为“就如以古为镜,反观自照”。“上征而反顾”无谬,故不细说。 – Toosky Hierot May 9 at 1:44
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I think your translation is mostly accurate. But I don't think 有 means "partly" directly. In Chinese, 有 usually means "there is/are". So a more "verbatim" translation would be

..., although there are merits in keeping the ancient tradition,...

with the following correspondence

虽=although

有=there are

功=merits

在于=in

怀古=keeping…

As for 思理, you may know that 思 means "think, thought", and 理 means "reason". So 思理朗然 means

with clear thinking and reasoning

or

the thinking and reasoning must be clear

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