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Sentence: 我太喜欢和他做朋友了

How can we use 做 in this meaning in other sentences? Where can I read more about it and what is the name of this "rule"?

And what is the meaning of the 了 in this sentence?

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做 + identity = be identity

Example:做好人,做首領 (good person and leader are identities)

做 + procedure/action = do procedure

Example: 做大事, 做錯,做工 (great thing, mistake and work involve procedures or action)

the final particle 了 is a modal word for emphasis, if you remove it, the meaning of the sentence would not change, but the tone would be flat

Example sentence:

"要(做)大人物就要(做)大事" = "to (be) a great man, you need to (do) great thing"

Why do we use 做 in this sentence as “being”?

朋友 is an identity

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Well, whereas in English you 'be a friend,' in Chinese you '做朋友。‘ Not much of a rule. Why does that surprise you? Do you think Chinese must copy English?

Have a look here. Number 8

我太喜欢和他做朋友了。

You could write:
我太喜欢当他的朋友。

Edit: I was reading an interview with a TV presenter today. He was asked if he acts role of an intellectual in his TV show. He said:

“我只是在做我自己”

I think there may be a similar form in English.

A: You should try to be more friendly.
B: I don't do friendly!

What is the meaning of 了? That is a whole Pandora's Box of questions!

The simplest answer is, it makes the sentence sound complete. Otherwise it sounds strange, according to a Chinese friend.

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