What meaning of 將 applies?


In 孟子there is a sentence where he describes various failings to the king (such as war preparations) and goes on to ask, whether his majesty delights in such. And then the king denies it and says:


將 has an incredibly long list of meanings. Is the meaning here 做、施行 (as in 草率將事)?

in other words, would the following be a straight forward translation?

I do (those things) to seek what I greatly desire!

The passage on ctext: enter image description here


i would interpret 將 in that sentence as "in near future" (即將).



mencius challenged 齊宣王, said "or (抑), your majestic (王) increases (興) armours (甲) and soldier (兵), [puts] your officials (士臣) in risk (危), makes up (構) enmities (怨) amongst (於) dukes (諸侯). and then (然後) [you'll be] cheerful (快) in (於) [your] heart (心)?"

his majestic (王) said (曰) "no (否). how come (何) i (吾) [would be] cheerful (快) for (於) these (是)? in near future (將), [these policies are] for (以) seeking (求) my (吾) greatest desire (大欲)"

your translation:

I do (those things) to seek what I greatly desire!

quite good, as a shortcut :)

info added.

well, 齊宣王's greatest desire is in the following text:


. . . 欲辟土地.朝秦楚.莅中國而撫四夷也

[your] desire (欲) [is]: open up (辟 --> 開闢) [more] land (土地), [have representatives] in the court (朝 --> 朝廷), from the nation of 秦 and 楚, administrated (莅 --> 蒞) the china (中國), and (而) soothe (撫) all surrounding barbarians (四夷).

at that time (bc 319-301), 齊 is a small nation in 山東半島. then, "中國" is "關中平原".

  • What does he greatly desire? – Pedroski May 29 '19 at 2:28
  • @pedroski, info added :) – 水巷孑蠻 May 29 '19 at 3:15
  • 谢谢!我非常羡慕您的知识。很感谢! – Pedroski May 29 '19 at 4:43

將 here is a little ambiguous.


  • 帶領 lead the army. I lead the army to seek for what I greatly desire.

  • 欲;打算 intent to. I intent to seek for what I greatly desire.

  • 取;拿 take. I take it to seek for what I greatly desire.

  • 施行 do. I do it to seek for what I greatly desire.

  • 就要;將要 will. I will seek for what I greatly desire.

I prefer the second meaning.

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