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I found a Rénmín Rìbào article from May 14th 1950, called 《南疆妇女开始揭下面纱》, which requires login to read. It describes some abusive imam:

喀什城内的大地主、穆斯满教依祥派阿訇苏皮禾加,利用他的特权和巫术,压迫和欺骗人民,尤其是百般地蹂躏妇女

From the title 阿訇 and the similarity between “Musulmán” and 穆斯满 it must be a Muslim denomination, but neither did I find Chinese material on 穆斯满, nor on 衣祥派. I read several Rénmín Rìbào articles from the period and all use 伊斯兰。

  • I wonder if this was OCR’d wrong. "Ishan" might be the right word for 衣祥派. – user3306356 Jul 21 at 2:21
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There's a copy of the text here:

南疆妇女开始揭下面纱

第3版()
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南疆妇女开始揭下面纱

今年二月间举行的南疆喀什噶尔(即疏附)市各族各界人民代表会议上,妇女代表们打破了几千年封建传统的桎梏,响亮地喊出第一声:“揭下面纱,婚姻自由”。现在很多妇女都已经揭下了过去不分冬夏都罩着的面纱,当地的封建统治者也已经不敢再骑马扬鞭,对她们实行鞭笞了。

南疆的妇女,尤其是维吾尔族的妇女,多少年来一直在这一层面纱后过着牢狱一般的生活。她们没有婚姻、人身、教育的自由。在婚姻方面,这里盛行着早婚和多妻的陋习。十二岁的少女,还没有发育健全,便离家成婚。十四、五岁的女子,已是怀抱婴儿的母亲了。老夫少妻的现象也很普遍,许多五、六十岁的老年人,往往与十二岁的幼女成婚。一般富豪和特权者把妇女当作玩具,今日结婚,明日抛弃。

喀什城内的大地主、穆斯满教依祥派阿訇苏皮禾加,利用他的特权和巫术,压迫和欺骗人民,尤其是百般地蹂躏妇女。喀什中学主任伊不拉英士尔逊说:“苏皮禾加的结婚和离婚,象开玩笑一样。他才三十岁,至少娶了一百五十个老婆。他娶老婆并不花钱,利用他禾加(圣裔)的地位,别人不敢违抗,就得把女子送去。他离了婚的女子,无人再敢娶。”挑水老头子买买提明说:“苏皮禾加娶老婆象喝凉水一样,隔三间二,不是听说他‘抓秧哥’(结婚),就是听说他‘洋度’(离婚)。曾遭苏皮禾加离弃的女子拜儿哥孜汉愤恨地叙述她的遭遇说:“一九四五年,苏皮禾加要娶我。我哥哥说:‘苏皮禾加娶女人如同到马市上骑别人的马一样,既不出钱,又不负责,结果是抛弃。’我也不想嫁。苏皮禾加就叫媒婆则那甫汉转告他的话说:‘我是圣人,她若不嫁我,我念咒把他(指女父)咒死;念穷,叫他发不了财。念的叫她跛了,瞎了,一辈子没有人要她。’我父亲害怕,就许了他。结婚后六个月,有一天他对我说:‘你的期满了,你请假吧,我准你的假,你回去吧。’我向他深深的鞠躬,同时说:‘谢谢禾加。’同他结婚的女子都是:他要娶,不敢不去;他要离,不得不走,还得谢他,不敢向别人说什么话。”

妇女在婚后的生活更是痛苦和不自由的。奴尔尼沙汉与皮山县乡长艾买提伯克阿吉结婚后,她的丈夫时常将村里的女人招引到家中弹弦作乐,有时还留宿。次日得给他们烧洗澡水,稍有迟慢就是一耳光。还有最野蛮的是所谓“耀把什”,这就是婚前男方提出条件,不准妇女与十二岁以上的男子见面。苏皮禾加每天早起就将他的妻子们锁进黑屋子里,不让她们知道他的家庭里的事,也不让她们和外面的任何男子见面。除此以外,做妻子的还要伺候丈夫吃饭,等丈夫吃完后才能吃他的残汤剩饭。妻子不能跟丈夫并肩在街上走,总要跟在他后面几步。

妇女既是这样受压迫,因此女子受教育的机会就很少。疏附县共有妇女十二万六千四百五十人,据本年初当地文化教育机关统计,受教育的情况是:中等学校仅有一百三十名女生,小学校也仅有三千九百三十八名女生,其余百分之九十七以上都是文盲。这是号称南疆文化中心的喀什的情形,其他各地情况就可想而知了。

新疆解放后,广大的妇女同胞们开始走上了光明幸福的道路。新疆省人民政府最近发布的施政方针第四项中明确规定:“妇女与男子享有平等的权利,实行婚姻自由。”在中国共产党领导下,各族各界妇女组织了自己的民主妇女联合会,正为着妇女的权利而奋斗。
(新华社)


I believe Ishan is the equivalent of 衣祥派.

History of Xinjiang: In the People’s Republic of China (1950s-1980s)

Besides the majority Sunni Muslims in southern Xinjiang, there were various other sects, including Isma’ilis among the Tajiks in Tashkurgan, Shi’ites in Yarkand (Twelve Imam sect descendents of seventeenth-century Punjabi immigrants) and various Sufi orders. These orders were collectively known as Ishan, from a Persian word meaning ‘them’ and referring to the orders’ hereditary leaders, believed to be descendents of the orders’ founders and of the Prophet. (Chapter 3 discussed the introduction of these mystical orders into Xinjiang and the secular power achieved by the Naqshbandiyya in particular). Despite the wars and political upheavals from the mid-nineteenth through the mid-twentieth century, many ishan groups remained active during the first half of the twentieth century.

You'd think a guy who'd taken over one hundred and fifty wives by the age of thirty and was a massive landlord would be more well written about, but I can't seem to find much info on him.

  • "禾加" should be the equivalent of Hajji (Hadji, Haji, Alhaji, Al hage, Al hag or El-Hajj) – user3306356 Jul 21 at 4:14

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