Both Taipa and Cotai contain the character 氹/凼 in their names, with some saying that 凼 is the simplified version of 氹. However, I’ve seen 氹 being used in simplified scripts as well. So, which character is the correct simplified name of Taipa and Cotai

3 Answers 3


There are no "Simplified" and "Traditional" versions of this character.

From Wikipedia:


The local character used in Macao,「氹」, is the modern version; in older times, it was written as「凼」and「窞」. In the digital age, due to Mainland China initially lacking support for the character「氹」, various publications substituted the character「氹」with the character「凼」instead.

The modern way to write it is「氹」.「凼」was used in the past, when the Mainland didn't encode the character in their digital standards.

  • 1
    i disagreed with "the modern way to write it is「氹」.「凼」was used in the past" :( Aug 1, 2019 at 15:00
  • @水巷孑蠻 that is Macao’s way of thinking :) Personally, I am more accepting of “modern” characters in proper nouns such as Names, but for general words it’s still better to use “older” characters when possible.
    – dROOOze
    Aug 1, 2019 at 15:11
  • @droooze I'm curious (I hope this is an acceptable place to ask), what is your reasoning behind preferring older characters? I find it interesting that you use 从 over 從, 纔 over 才, etc. Do (or would) you handwrite like this as well? Aug 1, 2019 at 23:17
  • 1
    @wang_xiao_ming older characters are less subjected to random changes, are generally less ambiguous (so are better for learning), are more consistent with texts regardless of time period, and are more understood in terms of geographical spread (e.g. across East Asia). 從 has no advantages over 从 and is more complex, while 才 can be extremely ambiguous for new learners (see e.g. chinese.stackexchange.com/questions/31619/…). I also have several other preferences (e.g. preferring 气 over 氣, 达 over 達).
    – dROOOze
    Aug 2, 2019 at 8:29

the info provided by wiki is, very doubtful.

the character 氹 (u+6c39) was used in 廣東通志 卷五十一

蓄水之地為氹 圖錦切

this book was "composed" in 1730 (雍正八年). isn't it old enough to refute the claim of modern version (現代字), or variant (異體字)

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further, the preface of the book "經詞衍釋" mentioned:


the preface was written in 1873.

enter image description here

i would say that 氹 was a cantonese character (粵字), with a long history; that most ordinary rime books, dictionaries did not contain it.


Let's start from the geography and history of Macau first. Taipa is 氹仔 and Coloane is 路環. They were both islands. The reclamation between Coloane and Taipa picked their initials and got its name Cotai (路氹).

氹 is a pit or a pool of water in Cantonese. It is a local form of character 潭. There is a hill on Taipa named 大潭山. Actually 氹仔 is alternative form of 潭仔. There are many names of this island but the people of Macao finally settles it with 氹仔.

氹 is Cantonese only character and early Chinese computing standard GB2312-80 ignores this character. When addressing to this ignorant, some publications in China (PRC) use 凼 instead. 凼 is in the list of GB2312-80.

凼 is not a simplified form of 氹. It is just an early computer problem in China.

For your information, 路環 is a short form of 過路灣. People of Hong Kong and Macau pronounce 灣 as 環 in some place names. Coloane comes from 過路灣 actually. 過路灣 is an old name of the island and no longer in use.

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