2

For words like 衣服 and 朋友, we can pronounce either with full tones as yi¹fu² and peng²you³, or with neutralized tones of the second syllable like yi¹fu⁰ and peng²you⁰.

Then comes 暖和 which confuses me. In the Taiwanese dictionaries that otherwise show full tones, this word is still spelled as nuan³huo⁰. What would be the tone of 和 if it was not neutralized? Or is this maybe a wrong question; does this syllable 和 huo⁰ only exist in neutral tone?

3

和 read huo has four pronunciations:

  • huō

  • huó

  • huò

  • huo

Liang’an defines neutral huo as:

形容某種使人感到舒適的狀態。

and gives the following example words:

暖和

熱和

軟和。

The definitions of the other pronunciations of huo certainly don’t fit. Why? Well because:

  • huō can only be found in the word 傻傻和和 which means stupid.

  • huó basically only means: to mix with water.

  • huò means to mix or to blend.

But this answer isn’t very satisfying.

Knowing that the 和 in 暖和 is the same as the one in 软和 then we can look back at an entry in ABC:

软和话儿

The given Pinyin for this word is:

ruǎnhuóhuàr

Here 和 is marked huó. It fits the idea that sometimes these 和 words are also pronounced he and hé. For instance MOE has the entry:

暖和和

written as:

nuǎn hé hé

Again: it’s second tone. So if you want an answer with a tone & not just with a neutral tone, the second tone is your best bet.

  • I just stumbled upon another ABC entry that further supports this: the duplicated 暖暖和和 nuǎnnuǎnhuóhuó. – svenper Dec 1 '19 at 5:41
  • @svenper Is that really in ABC? I don’t see it in my Pleco copy. – user3306356 Dec 1 '19 at 10:32
  • Oops, I forgot the erhua: 暖暖和和儿〔----兒〕nuǎnnuǎnhuóhuór – svenper Dec 1 '19 at 16:10

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.