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I am very confused by the character 想。

Consider this sentence I found in my studies:

我在想你今天会不会来.
wǒ zài xiǎng nǐ jīntiān huì bu huì lái.
I am wondering if you will come today.

1) If I had to translate the English, I would say "want to know":

我想知道你今天会不会来.

Can you clarify what "想" means by itself? I thought it means "to want". It seems that both 想 and 想知道 express "I am wondering..." and am confused as to when to use which. (My understanding is that 想知道 translates literally to "want to know" and that seems the same as "wondering".)

2) I saw that 我想要 means "I want" (literally "I think need"). However there seems to be this construction 想[verb] (ie 我想去北京) that seems to mean "want to [verb]". In what situations would you say "想要" and not simply "想"? Is it wrong to think of 想 as "to want"?

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  • I'd say its similar to how 会 can mean both "know know to do" and "will do" and you need to know the context to understand which meaning is appropriate Commented Dec 4, 2019 at 23:00
  • This isn't directly related but moreso pertains to the latter part of your question: chinese.stackexchange.com/questions/376/… Commented Dec 4, 2019 at 23:01

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The futility of thinking 想 can be fully understood in English.

I am very confused by the character 想。

This is unsurprising because:

  1. has multiple distinct meanings: think, feel, miss, imagine, want, wonder, ...; maybe even opine, deduce, conceive, etc., in certain contexts.
  2. Each of these English words have multiple distinct meanings (in English).
  3. 想 is ambiguous, and a given usage can often be reasonably translated to multiple distinct words in English.
  4. Likewise, the English equivalents are ambiguous, and can often be reasonably translated to multiple distinct words in Chinese, some of which don't even involve 想, such as 考虑, 怀念, 觉得, 认为, 要求, 决定.

Thus together, if we translate 想 into English, you're looking at 20+ (word,meaning) pairs, only some of which are valid translations of 想 some of the time. This is further greatly bloated when we include words in Chinese containing the hanzi 想, such as 想法, 想要, 理想, 想到, 想起, 想象, ...

I therefore recommend: forget the idea of getting a clear understanding of 想 directly via English. You're wasting your time.

But how can I understand 想?

Can you clarify what "想" means by itself?

No. And I contend that no-one can using English: the words in both Chinese and English are far too imprecise. At most, you can say that 想 pertains to some thought process, i.e., something is going on in someone's brain. If you go beyond this, any description of 想 in English is going to be wrong a non-trivial amount of the time (the translation is hugely context dependent).

Translation catalyst: first replace 想 with "something going on in some brain".

This is the method I use for understanding what 想 means in a given context. We use "something going on in some brain" as a catalyst:

  1. first, replace 想 with the deliberately vague "something going on in some brain",

  2. then, once you understand what the rest of the sentence means, infer the most appropriate English word for "something going on in some brain" from the remainder of the sentence.

For example:

我在想你今天会不会来.
I am [something going on in my brain] if you will come today.
version 1: I am wondering if you will come today.
version 2: I am thinking about whether you will come today.

我想知道你今天会不会来.
I [something going on in my brain] to know if you will come today.
version 1: I want to know if you will come today.
version 2: I would like to know if you will come today.
version 3: I yearn to know if you will come today.

This captures the ambiguity: there are multiple correct translations, and one translation might be better than another depending on context.

What's the difference between 想 vs. 想要 vs. 要?

This might not be 100% accurate, but it works for me:

  1. implies something is going to happen---there's no thinking (or just minimal thinking) involved. [This is among other meanings for 要 which are not related to this topic.]

  2. 想要 implies a thought, desire, wish, intention, etc. (i.e., something going on in some brain) that something is going to happen.

  3. implies it's purely in the mind (i.e., something going on in some brain), and you haven't (yet) taken steps to achieve it (or have taken minimal steps).

我要吃饺子。
version 1: I am going to eat dumplings.
version 2: I want to eat dumplings.

I'm asserting this (i.e., eating dumplings) is going to happen. Omitting 想 indicates you're not really thinking about it any more (i.e., "something going on in some brain" is not true).

In English, you wouldn't ordinarily declare "I am going to eat dumplings" to a waiter: (a) it's a bit rude, and (b) it's confusing (the waiter might reply "good for you, but what can I get you today?"). I think it's for these kinds of English-language customs that 要 is translated to "want".

我想要吃饺子。
version 1: I intend to eat dumplings.
version 2: I would like to eat dumplings.
version 3: I want to eat dumplings.

Basically if I don't change my mind, I'm going to eat dumplings. But it is possible I might change my mind. Importantly, there's a mind involved ("something going on in some brain").

It means something like: I am thinking about and taking steps towards eating dumplings.

我想吃饺子。
version 1: I desire to eat dumplings.
version 2: I wish to eat dumplings.
version 3: I'm thinking of eating dumplings.
version 4: I want to eat dumplings.

Here, it's all "something going on in some brain". Whether or not steps have been taken towards eating dumplings is unstated. Ordinarily, you'd expect that no steps have been taken.

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Well, it is not unusual for a word to have more than one meaning. Look here for example for Scroll down, you will find example sentences and the source for each usage.

亲爱的,我想你哦!Baby, I miss you!

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  1. 我在想你今天会不会来.

I was thinking that whether you'll show up today.

  1. 我想知道你今天会不会来.

I want to know that whether you'll show up today. = I wonder whether you'll show up today.

Corresponding made-up scenarios could be

  1. You have been waiting for someone to come, and eventually s/he did, then you could say: "我[还]在想你今天会不会来";

  2. You need to check whether s/he will show up, so you gave s/he a call. Then "我想知道你今天会不会来" seems a better choice.

So to sum up, 想 could simply means "think" or could be translated into "want".

Although in practice I don't think these two sentence would make so much difference… seems interchangable to me.

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"要":更多用于表达明确的需求或计划,通常具有一定的确定性。 More often used to express clear needs or plans, usually with a certain level of certainty. exp:我要喝水。(I need to drink water.) "想":更多用于表达主观愿望或想法,可能带有不确定性或只是一个想法。更强调主观愿望或想法,而不一定会付诸实际行动。 More often used to express subjective desires or thoughts, which might carry uncertainty or be just a thought. It emphasizes subjective desires or thoughts and does not necessarily lead to action. exp:我想喝水。/我想你。 (我只是想喝,但不是很渴,可以喝也可以不喝/我只是想你,在我的心里,但我害羞去打扰你,只是想让你知道你在我心里) I just want to drink, but I am not very thirsty. I can drink or not drink. / I just miss you in my heart, but I am too shy to disturb you. I just want you to know that you are in my heart. "想要":结合了两者的含义,表示一种较为强烈且有可能实现的愿望或计划。更加强调一种愿望,并且这种愿望更有可能付诸实施。 Combines the meanings of both, indicating a relatively strong desire or plan that is more likely to be realized. It emphasizes a desire that is more likely to be put into action. exp:我想要喝水。(我不但有愿望,我可能还会想办法去喝水,我可能会自己去买或者让别人给我买,但买了我不一定喝)(I not only have the desire, but I might also try to get some water. I might buy it myself or ask someone to buy it for me, but having bought it, I might not necessarily drink it.)

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