I'm really bad at 了ing: Nankai students say I'm bad at this. My teacher says I'm bad at this. Even Tang Ho mentioned my abuse of 了. Moreover, I'm sure I'm not the only one who is really bad at 了ing: e.g. To 了 or not to 了.
Question: How does someone train using 了 correctly?
To make this clear...
Not relevant: Where does 了 goes in one particular sentence.
Relevant: Where does the 了 go in these 100 training sentences?
I.e., training, drills, repetition, etc. Keep doing it until I get it right without thinking. Maybe there's an app or book that gives you where does the 了 go? exercises. Or maybe there's a way to generate my own exercises.
To illustrate why this is so difficult...
(Note: putting 了s in the following example sentence does not answer the question---that's not the point! That's "give a man a fish" not "teach a man to fish".).
In theory... I've read about completion 了 (post-verb) and change-of-state 了 (end of sentence). Aside from 太...了 which is easy, that covers most 了s (as I understand). I'm aware there's a lot of other cases I have no idea about yet.
In practice... I'll want to say something very simple like:
I gave my friend a phone call
我给朋友打个电话 [without any 了s]
So I think:
- the phone call is complete, so it needs a completion 了 (but do I put it after the verb 给 or after the verb 打?); and
at some point, the state changed from
(1) me having not given my friend a phone call, to
(2) me having given my friend a phone call,
so it also needs a change-of-state 了.
At this point I'll give up and copy/paste the sentence into Baidu
我给朋友打个电话 and just copy what someone else has done. In this case, it seems like no 了 is needed, despite me thinking there's a reasonable argument for adding three different 了s.
🎶 But there's one
soundmode that no one knows...
WhatWhere does the fox say了 go?